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논문 상세정보

Development and Testing of a Prototype Long Pulse Ion Source for the KSTAR Neutral Beam System

Abstract

A prototype long pulse ion source was developed, and the beam extraction experiments of the ion source were carried out at the Neutral Beam Test Stand (NBTS) of the Korea Superconducting Tokamak Advanced Research (KSTAR). The ion source consists of a magnetic bucket plasma generator, with multi-pole cusp fields, and a set of tetrode accelerators with circular apertures. Design requirements for the ion source were a 120kV/65A deuterium beam and a 300 s pulse length. Arc discharges of the plasma generator were controlled by using the emission-limited mode, in turn controlled by the applied heating voltage of the cathode filaments. Stable and efficient arc plasmas with a maximum arc power of 100 kW were produced using the constant power mode operation of an arc power supply. A maximum ion density of $8.3{\times}10^{11}\;cm^{-3}$ was obtained by using electrostatic probes, and an optimum arc efficiency of 0.46 A/kW was estimated. The accelerating and decelerating voltages were applied repeatedly, using the re-triggering mode operation of the high voltage switches during a beam pulse, when beam disruptions occurred. The decelerating voltage was always applied prior to the accelerating voltage, to suppress effectively the back-streaming electrons produced at the time of an initial beam formation, by the pre-programmed fast-switch control system. A maximum beam power of 0.9 MW (i.e. $70\;kV{\times}12.5\;A$) with hydrogen was measured for a pulse duration of 0.8 s. Optimum beam perveance, deduced from the ratio of the gradient grid current to the total beam current, was $0.7\;{\mu}perv$. Stable beams for a long pulse duration of $5{\sim}10\;s$ were tested at low accelerating voltages.

참고문헌 (4)

  1. B. H. Oh, Y. S. Cho, S. R. In, S. H. Jeong, K. R. Kim, K. W. Lee, D. H. Chang, D. S. Chang, Y. K Cho, M. Y. Park, and C. S. Seo, 'Test facility for KSTAR NBI system', J. Accel. Plasma Res., 6 (1), 1 (2001) 
  2. D. H. Chang and B. H. Oh, 'Discharge Characteristics of a KSTAR NBI Ion Source', J. Korean Nuclear Soc., 35 (3),226 (2003) 
  3. M. C. Vella, W. S. Cooper, P. A. Pincosy, R. V. Pyle, P. D. Weber, and R. P. Wells, 'Development testing of the U.S. common long pulse source at 120 kV', Rev. Sci. Instrum., 59 (11),2357 (1988) 
  4. P. A. Pincosy, K. W. Ehlers, A. F. Lietzke, H. M. Owren, J. A. Paterson, R. V. Pyle, R. V. Pyle, and M. C. Vella, W. S. Cooper, P. A. Pincosy, R. V. Pyle, P. D. Weber, and R. P. Wells, 'Development of the plasma generator for a long pulse $10{\times}40$ neutral beam', Rev. Sci. Instrum., 57 (11), 2705 (1986) 

이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (1)

  1. Lee, Hee-Jun ; Shin, Soo-Cheol ; Lee, Seung-Gyo ; Jung, Yong-Chae ; Won, Chung-Yuen 2013. "The Design and Implementation of Arc Power supply for Neutral Beam Injection" 照明·電氣設備學會論文誌 = Journal of the Korean Institute of Illuminating and Electrical Installation Engineers, 27(6): 50~58 

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