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논문 상세정보

온실가루이와 담배가루이에 대한 Spearmint Oil의 살충활성

Insecticidal Activity of Spearmint Oil against Trialeurodes vaporariorum and Bemisia tabaci Adults

초록

본 연구는 시설하우스의 주요 해충인 온실가루이와 담배가루이에 대한 spearmint oil의 훈증독성 및 접촉독성을 조사하였으며, gas chromatograph (GC)와 gas chromatograph mass spectrometry(GC/MS)를 이용하여 speamint oil의 주요 구성성분을 분석하였다. 훈증독성 시험 결과, 온실가루이에 대해서 spearmint oil은 $10{\mu}L/954mL$ air의 약량처리에서 $99.1\%$의 살충활성을 나타내었으며, 5와 $1{\mu}L/954mL$ air의 약량처리에서 각각 $91.7\%$$41.1\%$의 살충활성을 나타내었다. 또한 담배가루이에 대해서 spearmint oil은 $10{\mu}L/954mL$ air의 약량처리에서 각각 $100\%$의 살충활성을 나타내었으며, 5와 $1{\mu}L/954mL$ air의 약량에서도 각각 100, $61.3\%$의 높은 살충활성을 나타내었다. 그러나 온실가루이와 담배가루이 성충에 대한 spearmint oil의 접촉독성은 살충효과가 $30\%$ 이하로 낮았다. Spearmint oil을 GC와 GC/MS로 분석한 결과, limonene ($16.1\%$), ${\gamma}$-terpinene($13.8\%$), ${\rho}$-cymene($5.8\%$), 3-octanol($6.9\%$), carvone($40.9\%$)이 주요 구성성분으로 나타났으며, 주요성분인 carvone 은 $10{\mu}L/954mL$ air 약량에서 $100\%$의 높은 훈증독성을 나타내었다.

Abstract

These studies were carried out to investigate the fumigation and contact toxicities of spearmint oil (Mentha spicata) against adults of greenhouse whitefly, Trialeurodes vaporariorum and sweet-potato whitefly, Bemisia tabaci. And we carried out the constituent analysis of spearmint oil using gas chromatograph (GC) and gas chromatograph mass spectrometry (GC/MS). Spearmint oil showed $99.1\%,\;91.7\%,\;41.1\%$ fumigation toxicity against T. vaporariorum adults at $10{\mu}L/954mL,\;5{\mu}L/954mL,\;1{\mu}L/954mL$ air concentration, respectively. In case of B. tabaci adults, spearmint oil showed $100\%,\;100\%,\;61.3\%$ fumigation toxicity, respectively. However, spearmint oil showed < $30\%$ contact toxicity against adults of T. vaporariorum and B. tabaci. Through the constituent analysis using GC and GC/MS, we confirmed main constituents of spearmint oil were limonene ($16.1\%$), ${\gamma}$-terpinene($13.8\%$), ${\rho}$-cymene($5.8\%$), 3-octanol($6.9\%$), carvone($40.9\%$). Carvone, major constituent of spearmint oil, also showed $100\%$ fumigation toxicity at $10{\mu}L/954mL$ air concentration.

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이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (8)

  1. Han Jong-Been ; Ahn Ki-Su ; Lee Chong-Kyu ; Kim Gil-Hah 2006. "Fumigant Toxicity of Pennyroyal and Spearmint oils against Western Flower Thrips, Frankliniella occidentalis" 한국응용곤충학회지 = Korean journal of applied entomology, 45(1): 45~49 
  2. Kim, Ju-Sub ; Seo, Dong-Kyu ; Jang, Sun-Ah ; Han, Ju-Hwan ; Kim, Young-Jae ; Kim, Gil-Hah 2006. "Fumigant Toxicity of 18 Essential oils and Their Major Compounds against Adult Oak Longicorn Beetle, Moechotypa diphysis (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae)" 한국응용곤충학회지 = Korean journal of applied entomology, 45(2): 189~194 
  3. 2008. "" Journal of asia-pacific entomology, 11(2): 65~68 
  4. Jeong, Mi-Hye ; Kwon, Mi-Jeong ; Park, Soo-Jin ; Hong, Soon-Sung ; Park, Kyung-Hun ; Park, Jae-Eup ; Yeon, Sung-Hum 2010. "Evaluation of Acute Toxicity of Plant Extracts, Lavender, Lemon Eucalyptus and Cassia Essential Oil" 농약과학회지 = The Korean journal of pesticide science, 14(4): 339~346 
  5. Jeong, Mi-Hye ; Park, Soo-Jin ; Kwon, Mi-Jeong ; You, Are-Sun ; Park, Kyung-Hun ; Park, Jae-Yup 2011. "Evaluation of Acute Toxicity of Black Pepper extracts, Clove bud, Rosemary and Origanum Essential oils" 농약과학회지 = The Korean journal of pesticide science, 15(3): 231~237 
  6. 2011. "" Journal of the Korean Society for Applied Biological Chemistry, 54(4): 558~567 
  7. Lee, Young-Su ; Kim, Jin-Young ; Hong, Soon-Sung ; Park, Jungan ; Park, Hong-Hyun 2012. "Occurrence of Sweet-potato Whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) and Its Response to Insecticide in Gyeonggi Area" 한국응용곤충학회지 = Korean journal of applied entomology, 51(4): 377~382 
  8. Kim, Eunsung ; Kim, Yonggyun 2014. "A Report on Mixed Occurrence of Tobacco Whitefly (Bemisia tabaci) Biotypes B and Q in Oriental Melon Farms in Kyungpook Province, Korea" 한국응용곤충학회지 = Korean journal of applied entomology, 53(4): 465~472 

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