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Review on Need for Introduction of New Legal Framework of Investigation and Criminal Sanctions for OSH Fatal Accidents

International Journal of Safety v.3 no.1 , 2004년, pp.47 - 52  
Abstract

Current OSH system was analyzed in this paper to explain why high fatal incidents and disasters are continuously repeated for recent years in Korea. It was found that we have Dichotomous Perceptional Misconception of prevention before accident and compensation after accident and there is a significant lack of proper feed­back reward system for OSH performance. It was assumed that no reduction of accident rate and fatality rate have not been achieved recently despite of a great effort and increased resource allocations. Some statistics for proving weak punishment were analyzed. In the current system, the will of administrative agency would have been very limited particularly in the legal aspects. The Industrial Safety and Health Act is not suitable to after-injury punishment for employer and/or corporate since it is based on a framework for enforcement of prevention. Based on these analyses, it was concluded that there was a need to consider a special law for Corporate Accountability for Fatal Accidents. Because it is necessary to consider seriously for introduction of a new legal system for after injury punishment to repair the current system where it was found lack of proper feedback system. Also, there was no proper sanction measures for corporate with the current OSH legal system, and the most urgent problem in OSH area is the high fatality rate. it is necessary to consider seriously for introduction of a new legal system for after injury punishment. Also, there is no proper sanction measures for corporate with the current OSH legal system, and the most urgent problem in OSH area is the high fatality rate.

참고문헌 (7)

  1. D.Y. Park, BY Kim, DW Park, CS Yoon, Study on the implementing substantial effectiveness measures for prevention of industrial accidents and occupational dis-eases by introductions of workers' rights for 21st cen-tury's socio-political conditions - A final report of research project for KOSHA OSHRI 2003-62-496. 2003 
  2. Supreme Court: Yearbook of Supreme Court for 2000 
  3. R.H. Sand, 'OSHA takes a step forward on preemp-tion and two step back on generic regulation' Employee Relations Law Joumal, Vol. 18, 1992.3 
  4. N. Gunningham, and R. Johnstone, Regulating work-place safety: system and sanctions, Oxford University Press. 1999 
  5. D.A. Ballam, 'The OSHAs preemptive effort on state criminal prosecutions of employers for workplace deaths and injuhes', Am. Business Law Joumal, Vol. 26, 1988 
  6. Supreme Public Prosecutors' Office: Yearbook of Supreme Public Prosecutors' Office for 1986-2001 
  7. Ministry of Labor: Year Book of Statistics for Indus-trial Accidents and Occupational Diseases: 1992-2002 

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