The purposes of the study were to assess levels of burnout, engagement, and turnover intention of dietitians and chefs and to investigate the relationships among the antecedents and consequences of burnout and engagement. A total of 257 dietitians and chefs at a contract foodservice management company in Korea were surveyed using a self-administered questionnaire. Burnout (exhaustion, cynicism, and professional efficacy) and engagement (vigor, dedication, and absorption) were measured with three dimensions each. The dietitians showed significantly higher exhaustion (p < .05) and significantly lower vigor and dedication than the chefs (ps < .05). The exhaustion and cynicism dimensions of burnout were negatively correlated with all three dimensions of engagement (ps < .001) and positively correlated with turnover intention (ps < .001). The professional efficacy was positively correlated with all three engagement dimensions (ps < .001), but not with turnover intent. In addition, turnover intention was positively correlated with negative affectivity and work-load and negatively correlated with vigor, dedication, and absorption. A series of hierarchical regression analyses were conducted to assess the effects of the personal (positive and negative affectivity) and situational factors (workload, interpersonal conflict) and job stresses on turnover intention. After removing the effects of the personal and situational factors, cynicism (p < .01) was the only significant predictor of turnover intention. Based on the findings, suggestions for recruiting and retaining qualified and motivated employees were provided.
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