하수처리장 방류수의 재이용을 위해 2004년 1월$\~$12월까지 수질상태를 조사하였다. BOD, SS, 탁도, 총인과 색도의 월별로 조사한 연평균은 각각 4.1mg/L, 2.9mg/L, 0.8NTU, 1.3mg/L, 27unit이었다. 쟈테스트는 급속혼화 5분, 완속교반 15분, 침전 1시간의 조건하에서 오염물질의 제거율을 조사하였다. 사용된 응집제는 Alum과 폴리염화알루미늄이고, 방류수 중의 색도, 탁도, 총인, 총유기탄소 등을 제거하는데 효과가 있었다. 특히 폴리염화알루미늄을 사용시 탁도와 용존성인의 제거 효과가 좋았다. 응집공정과 연속한 정밀여과 공정에 의한 유기물의 제거효과를 조사한 결과, 분자량 1,000 Dalton 이상의 범위에 있는 물질의 제거가 잘 이루어진 반면, 소독부산물의 생성에 영향을 주는 분자량 500 Dalton 이하 물질의 제거율은 낮은 것으로 조사되었다. 따라서 복합공정에서 이 범위 분자량의 물질을 제거하기 위해 흡착공정 등의 추가공정이 필요할 것으로 본다.
Prior to the study of the sewage treatment methods, water quality for Gwangju sewage of fluent was investigated from January to December, 2004 for sewage water reuse. Monthly mean values of BOD, SS, turbidity, total phosphorus and color were 4.1 mg/L, 2.9 mg/L, 0.8 NTU, 1.3 mg/L, and 27 unit, respectively. Jar-test was performed to investigate the removal efficiency of pollutants under the coagulation conditions of fast mixing for 5 min, slow mixing for 15 min and precipitation for 1hr. Here, alum and polyaluminium chloride (PAC) were used as coagulants to reduce color, turbidity, total phosphorus (TP) and total organic carbon (TOC) in sewage effluents. The results showed that PAC gave better efficiency in removing turbidity and dissolved phosphorus than alum. It was also found from the relative molecular weight (RMW) distribution analysis that organic matter over 1,000 Dalton (Da) was easily removed by coagulation and subsequently MF treatment, while it was not effective for less than 500 Da. Based on tis result, Natural organic matter (NOM) with lower molecular weight (< 500 Da) may cause harmful disinfectant by-product (DBP) after chlorine treatment. Thus, activated carbon adsorption seems to be required for the complete removal of DBP in the hybrid system.
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