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논문 상세정보

질소산화물 제거용 상용 $V_2O_5-WO_3/TiO_2$ SCR 폐 촉매의 재생 효과 고찰

A Study on the Regeneration Effects of Commercial $V_2O_5-WO_3/TiO_2$ SCR Catalyst for the Reduction of NOx

초록

소각장 off gas에 장기간 노출이 되어 활성이 저하된 상용 $V_2O_5-WO_3/TiO_2$ aged 촉매를 물리화학적 방법으로 재생 처리를 수행한 후, 재생 처리에 따른 촉매의 물성 변화를 확인하고 이에 따른 촉매 활성변화를 고찰하였다. 촉매의 특성분석은 XRD(x-ray diffractometer), BET, POROSIMETER, EDX(energy dispersive x-ray spectrometer), ICP(inductively coupled plasma), TGA(thermogravimetric Analyze,), SEM(scanning electron microscopy)등을 이용하여 수행하였고 NOx 전환반응실험은 소각장 off gas를 모사하여 $NH_3$에 의한 SCR 반응을 통해 수행하였다. 본 연구에서 수행된 재생처리 방법 중, 열처리 방법으로 재생처리를 수행 할 경우 fresh 촉매환성의 95% 이상을 회복하였으며, 화학적 재생 처리 방법으로는 산성용액의 경우는 pH가 5인 용액으로 재생 처리된 촉매가, 염기성 용액의 경우는 pH가 12인 용액으로 재생 처리된 촉매가 fresh 촉매활성의 90% 이상의 촉매 활성을 회복 하였다. 촉매 특성 분석 결과, 상기와 같은 방법으로 재생 처리된 촉매의 경우 비표면적은 fresh 촉매의 $85{\sim}95%$ 수준으로 회복 되었으며, aged 촉매 표면에 축적되어 있던 촉매 비활성 물질로 잘 알려진 황(S)이나 칼슘(Ca)등은 최대 99%이상 제거 되었다. Aged 촉매 표면상의 인(P), 크롬(Cr), 아연(Zn) 등과 같은 중금속의 경우는 최대 95% 이상 제거 되었으나 납(Pb)의 경우는 제거율이 $10{\sim}30%$ 수준으로 매우 미흡한 것으로 나타났다.

Abstract

The commercial $V_2O_5-WO_3/TiO_2$ catalysts which had been exposed to the off gas from incinerator for a long time were regenerated by physical and chemical treatment. The catalytic properties and NOx conversion reactivity of those catalysts were examined by analysis equipment and NOx conversion experiment. The characterization of the catalysts were performed by XRD(x-ray diffractometer), BET, POROSIMETER, EDX(energy dispersive x-ray spectrometer), ICP(inductively coupled plasma), TGA(thermogravimetric analyzer) and SEM (scanning electron microscopy). NOx conversion experiment were performed with simulated off gas of the incinerator and $NH_3$ was used as a reductant of SCR reaction. Among the regeneration treatment methods which were applied to regenerate the aged catalysts in this study, it showed that the heat treatment method had excellent regeneration effect on the catalytic performance for NOx conversion. The catalytic performance of the regenerated catalysts with heat treatment method were recovered over than 95% of that of fresh catalyst. For the regenerated catalysts with the acid solution(pH 5) and the alkali solution(pH 12), the catalytic performance were recovered over than 90% of that of fresh catalyst. From the characterization results of the regenerated catalysts, the specific surface area was recovered in the range of $85{\sim}95%$ of that of fresh catalyst. S and Ca element, which are well known as the deactivation materials for the SCR catalysts, accumulated on the aged catalyst surface were removed up to maximum 99%. Among the P, Cr, Zn and Pb elements accumulated on the aged catalyst surface, P, Cr and Zn element were removed up to 95%. But the Pb element were removed in the range of $10{\sim}30%$ of that of fresh catalyst.

저자의 다른 논문

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이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (2)

  1. Moon, Seung-Hyun ; Lee, Seung-Jae ; Ryu, In-Soo 2010. "A Study on the Regeneration of SCR Catalyst Deactivated by Unburned Carbon Deposition" 대한환경공학회지 = Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers, 32(10): 928~935 
  2. Choi, Kang-Yong ; Park, Hea-Kyung 2010. "A Study on the Effectiveness of Remanufacturing Technology for the Catalyzed Diesel Particulate Filter-trap(DPF) Deactivated by Diesel Exhaust Gas" 대한환경공학회지 = Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers, 32(10): 957~964 

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