• 검색어에 아래의 연산자를 사용하시면 더 정확한 검색결과를 얻을 수 있습니다.
  • 검색연산자
검색연산자 기능 검색시 예
() 우선순위가 가장 높은 연산자 예1) (나노 (기계 | machine))
공백 두 개의 검색어(식)을 모두 포함하고 있는 문서 검색 예1) (나노 기계)
예2) 나노 장영실
| 두 개의 검색어(식) 중 하나 이상 포함하고 있는 문서 검색 예1) (줄기세포 | 면역)
예2) 줄기세포 | 장영실
! NOT 이후에 있는 검색어가 포함된 문서는 제외 예1) (황금 !백금)
예2) !image
* 검색어의 *란에 0개 이상의 임의의 문자가 포함된 문서 검색 예) semi*
"" 따옴표 내의 구문과 완전히 일치하는 문서만 검색 예) "Transform and Quantization"
쳇봇 이모티콘
ScienceON 챗봇입니다.
궁금한 것은 저에게 물어봐주세요.

논문 상세정보

Effects of Xylanase Supplementation to Wheat-based Diet on the Performance and Nutrient Availability of Broiler Chickens


A trial was conducted to evaluate the level of wheat substituted for corn in a traditional corn-soy diet and the xylanase supplementation effect on the growth performance and nutrient digestion of broiler chickens. This experiment was a randomized design with a 4${\times}$2 factorial arrangement with four levels of wheat substitution and two levels of enzyme inclusion in the diet. Wheat replaced 0, 25, 50 or 100% corn with or without 1 g/kg xylanase supplementation in iso-nitrogenous and iso-calorific experimental diets. The results showed that in the growing period, broilers attained the highest (p<0.05) body weight gain, feed intake, and relative small intestine weight when wheat was substituted at 25% for corn. The relative caecum weight increased (p<0.05) linearly with increasing levels of wheat substitution for corn. However, during the finishing period and entire experimental period from 0 to 6 weeks, no significant difference was shown in the growth performance among all treatments. Xylanase inclusion significantly improved the body weight gain, fat availability (p<0.01) and diet metabolisable energy (p<0.1) but decreased (p<0.05) the relative GI tract weight during the growing period. The digesta viscosity of 6-week old broilers was also decreased (p<0.05). It appears that wheat substituted for corn did not affect the growth performance, nutrient digestion, and the digesta viscosity of chickens. It is acceptable to completely substitute wheat for corn. Xylanase supplementation improved performance.

저자의 다른 논문

참고문헌 (30)

  1. Allen, C. M., K. J. McCracken and M. R. Bedford. 1997. Effect of fat type, rate of wheat inclusion and enzyme supplementation on diet metabolisability and broiler performance. Br. Poult. Sci. 38:S25-S45. 
  2. Cameron-Smith, D., G. R. Collier and K. O’Dea. 1994. Effects of soluble dietary fibre on the viscosity of gastrointestinal contents and the acute glycaemic response in the rat. Br. J. Nutr. 71:563-571. 
  3. Choct, M. and G. Annison. 1990a. The inhibition of nutrient digestion by wheat pentosans. Br. J. Nutr. 67:123-132. 
  4. Erlinger, S. 1987. Physiology of bile secretion and entrohepatic circulation, p. 1557-1580. In (Ed. L. R. Johnson), Physiology of the Gastrointestinal Tract. Raven Press, New York. 
  5. Jacobs, L. R. and F. A. White. 1983. Modulation of mucosal cell proliferation in the intestine of rats fed a wheat bran diet. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 37:946-953. 
  6. Yu, B., J. C. Hsu and P. W. S. Chiou. 1998. Effects of $\beta$-glucanase supplementation of barley diets on growth performance of broilers. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 70:353-361. 
  7. Annison, G. 1992. Commercial enzyme supplementation of wheat based diets raises ileal glycanase activities and improved apparent metabolizable energy, starch and pentosan digestibilities in broiler chickens. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 38:105-121. 
  8. Preston, G. M., K. J. McCracken and M. R. Bedford. 2001. Effect of wheat content, fat source and enzyme supplementation on diet metabolisability and broiler performance. Br. Poult. Sci. 42:625-632. 
  9. Steenfeldt, S., A. Mullertz and F. J. Jensen. 1998. Enzyme supplementation to wheat-based diets for broilers. 1. Effectss on growth performance and intestinal viscosity Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 75:27-43. 
  10. AOAC. 1990. Official Methods of Analysis. 15th edn., Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Arlington, Virginia. 
  11. Brown, R. C., J. Kelleher and M. S. Losowsky. 1979. The effects of pectin on the structure and function of the rat small intestine. Br. J. Nutr. 42:357-365. 
  12. Leegwater, D. C., A. P. de Groot and M. van Kalmthout-Kuyper. 1974. The aetiology of caecal enlargement in the rat. Food Cosmet. Toxicol. 12(5/6):687-697. 
  13. Veldman, A. and H. A. Vahl. 1994. Xylanase in broiler diets with differences in characteristics and content of wheat. Br. Poult. Sci. 35:537-550. 
  14. Yu, B., Y. M. Sun and P. W. S. Chiou. 2002. Effects of glucanase inclusion in a de-hulled barley diet on the growth performance and nutrient digestion of broiler chickens. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 102:35-52. 
  15. Burrin, D. G., C. F. Ferrell and R. A. Britton. 1990. Level of nutrition and visceral organ size and metabolic activity in sheep. Br. J. Nutr. 64:439-448. 
  16. Choct, M. and G. Annison. 1992b. Anti-nutritive effects of wheat pentosans in broiler-chickens: Role of viscosity and gut microflora. Br. Poult. Sci. 33:821-834. 
  17. Vranjes, M. V., H. P. Pfirter and C. Wenk. 1994. Influence of processing treatment and type of cereal on the effects dietary enzymes in broiler diets. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 46:261-270. 
  18. Pasquier, B., M. Armand, F. Guillon, C. Castelain, P. Borel, J. L. Barry, G. Pieroni and D. Lairon. 1996. Viscous soluble dietary fibers alter emulsification and lipolysis of triacylglycerols in duodenal medium in vitro. J. Nutr. Biochem. 7:293-302. 
  19. Choct, M. and G. Annison. 1992a. The inhibition of nutrient digestion by wheat pentosans. Br. J. Nutr. 67:123-132. 
  20. Bedford, M. R. 1995. Mechanism of action and potential environmental benefits from the use of feed enzymes. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 53:145-155. 
  21. Choct, M. and G. Annison. 1990b. Antinutritive activity of wheat pentosans in broiler diets. Br. Poult. Sci. 31:811-821. 
  22. Choct, M., R. J. Hughes, J. Wang, M. R. Bedford, A. J. Morgan and G. Annison. 1996. Increased small intestinal fermentation is partly responsible for the anti-nutritive activity of non-starch polysaccharides in chickens. Br. Poult. Sci. 37:609-621. 
  23. SAS institute Inc. 1989. SAS/STAT User’s Guide. Version 6.4th Edn. SAS Institute Inc., Carry, North Carolina. 
  24. Hew, L. I., V. Ravindran, Y. Mollah and W. L. Bryden. 1998. Influence of exogenous xylanase supplementation on apparent metabolizable energy and amino acid digestibility in wheat for broiler chickens. Anim. Feed Sci. Tech. 75:83-92. 
  25. Schooneveld-Bergmans, M. E. F., Y. M. van Dijk, G. Beldman and A. G. J. Voragen. 1999. Physicochemical Characteristics of Wheat Bran Glucuronoarabinoxylans. J. Cereal Sci. 29:49-61. 
  26. Buchsbaum, R., J. Wilson and I. Valiela. 1986. Digestibility of plant constituents by Canada geese and Atlantic brant. Ecology. 67:386-393. 
  27. Fengler, A. I., J. R. Pawlik and R. R. Marquardt. 1988. Improvement in nutrient retention and changes in excreta viscosities in chicken fed rye containing diets supplemented with fungal enzymes, sodium taurochalate and penicillin. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 68:483-491. 
  28. Lee, S. C., L. Porsky and J. W. de Vries. 1992. Determination of total, soluble, and insoluble dietary fiber in food-enzymaticgravimetric method, MES-TRIS buffer: collaborative study. J. AOAC. Int. 75(3):395-416. 
  29. Marquardt, R. R., D. Boros, W. Guenter and G. Crow. 1994. The nutritive value of barley, rye, wheat and corn for young chicken as affected by use of a Trichoderma reesei enzyme preparation. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 45:363-378. 
  30. Salih, M. E., H. L. Classen and G. L. Cambell. 1991. Response of chickens fed on hull-less barley to dietary$\beta$-glucanase at different ages. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 33:139-149. 

이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (4)

  1. 2008. "" Asian-Australasian journal of animal sciences, 21(10): 1522~1528 
  2. 2008. "" Asian-Australasian journal of animal sciences, 21(2): 270~276 
  3. 2008. "" Asian-Australasian journal of animal sciences, 21(11): 1659~1664 
  4. Lee, Se-Hyung ; Chae, Jong-Pyo ; Kim, Min-Jeong ; Kang, Dae-Kyung 2010. "Isolation of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens ATC6 Producing Acidic Cellulase" 한국동물자원과학회지 = Journal of animal science and technology, 52(1): 65~70 


원문 PDF 다운로드

  • ScienceON :
  • KCI :

원문 URL 링크

원문 PDF 파일 및 링크정보가 존재하지 않을 경우 KISTI DDS 시스템에서 제공하는 원문복사서비스를 사용할 수 있습니다. (원문복사서비스 안내 바로 가기)

상세조회 0건 원문조회 0건

DOI 인용 스타일