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Abstract

The biocontrol agent Serratia plymuthica A21-4 readily colonized on the root of pepper plant and the bacterium moves to newly emerging roots continuously. The colonization of A21-4 on the pepper root was influenced by the presence ofPhytophthora capsici in the soil. When P. capsici was introduced in advance, the population density of A21-4 on the root of pepper plant was sustained more than $10^6$ cfu/g root until 3 weeks after transplanting. On the other hand, in the absence of P. capsici, the population density of A21-4 was reduced continuously and less than $10^5$ cfu/g root at 21 days after transplanting. S. plymuthica A21-4 inhibited successfully the P. capsici population in pepper root and rhizosphere soil. In the rhizosphere soil, the population density of P. capsici was not increased more than original inoculum density when A21-4 was treated, but it increased rapidly in non-treated control. Similarly, the population density of P. capsici sharply increased in the non-treated control, however the population of P. capsici in A21-4 treated plant was not increased in pepper roots. The incidence of Phytophthora blight on pepper treated with A21-4 was 12.6%, while that of non-treated pepper was 74.5% in GSNU experimental farm experiment. And in farmer's vinyl house experiment, the incidence of the disease treated with the fungicide was 27.3%, but treatment of A21-4 resulted in only 4.7% of the disease incidence, showing above 80% disease control efficacy.

참고문헌 (11)

  1. Shen, S. S., Kim, J. W. and Park, C. S. 2002. Serratia plymuthica strain A21-4: A Potential Biocontrol Agent Against Phytophthora Blight of Pepper. Plant Pathol. J. 18:138-141 
  2. Shen, S. S., Choi, O. H., Lee, S. M. and Park, C. S. 2002. In vitro and In vivo Activities of a Biocontrol Agent, Serratia plymuthica A21-4, Against Phytophthora capsici. Plant Pathol. J. 18:221-224 
  3. Schlub, R. L. 1983. Epidemiology of Phytophthora capsici on bell pepper. J. Agric. Sci. Camb. 100:7-11 
  4. Kaiser, W. J., Hannan, R. M. and Weller, K. M. 1989. Biological control of seed rot and pre-emergence damping-off of chickpea with fluorescent pseudomonads. Soil. Biol. Biochem. 21:269-273 
  5. Kloepper, J. W., Zaboltowiz, R. M., Tipping, E. M. and Lifshitz, R. 1991. Plant growth promotion mediated by bacterial rhizosphere colonizers. In: The rhizosphere and plant growth. Edited by D. L. Keister and P. B. Cregan. pp. 315-326. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Cordrecht. the Netherlands 
  6. Kim, Y. G. 1995. Biological Control of Phytpphthora Blight of Redpepper by Antagonistic Bacillus Polymyxa 'AC-1'. Dr. D. Thesis. Seoul National Uni. Korea 
  7. Schippers, B., Bakker, A. W. and Bakker, P. A. H. M. 1987. Interactions of deleterious and beneficial rhizosphere microorganisms and the effect of cropping practices. Annu. Rev. Phytopathology 25:339-358 
  8. Park, K. S., Jang, S. W., Kim, C. H. and Lee, E. J. 1989. Studies on Biological Control of Phytophthora Blight of Red-pepper III. Formulations of Trichoderma harzianum and Pseudomonas cepacia Antagonistic to Phytophthora capsici and Their Preservation. Kor. J. Plant Pathol. 5:131-138 
  9. Hur, J. M., Lee, Y. S., Kim, B. S. and Cho, C. H. 1990. Evaluation and Inheritance of Resistance to Phytophthora blight in Pepper. Korean J. Plant Pathol. 6:447-451 
  10. Weller, D. M. 1988. Biological control of soilborne plant pathogens in the rhizosphere with bacteria. Annu. Rev. Phytophthol. 26:379-407 
  11. Nam, C. G., Jee, H. J. and Kim, C. H. 1988. Studies on Biological Cotrol of Phytophthora Blight of Red-pepper . Enhancement of Antagonistic Activity by soil Amendment with Organic Materials. Kor. J. Plant Pathol. 4:313-318 

이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (6)

  1. 2006. "" The plant pathology journal, 22(4): 364~368 
  2. 2007. "" The plant pathology journal, 23(3): 180~186 
  3. Cao, Pu ; Shen, Shun-Shan ; Wen, Cai-Yi ; Song, Shuang ; Park, Chang-Seuk 2009. "The Effect of the Colonization of Serratia plymuthica A21-4 in Rhizosphere Soil and Root of Pepper in Different Soil Environment" Research in plant disease = 식물병연구, 15(2): 101~105 
  4. Zhang, Li-Jing ; Shi, Hong-Zhong ; Wang, Jing-Jing ; Chang, Shu-Xian ; Shen, Shun-Shan 2010. "Selection of Biocontrol Agents against Phytophthora Blight of Pepper and Its Root Colonization Ability" Research in plant disease = 식물병연구, 16(2): 158~162 
  5. Cheon, Wonsu ; Kim, Doyeon ; Kim, Yonggyun ; Hong, Yong Pyo ; Yi, Youngkeun 2013. "Control Effects of 3-(4-Hydroxyphenyl)-propionic Acid Isolated Xenorhabdus nematophila K1 against Phytophthora Blight and Anthracnose of Red Pepper" Research in plant disease = 식물병연구, 19(3): 208~215 
  6. 2013. "" The plant pathology journal, 29(4): 418~426 

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