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논문 상세정보

단순만성치주염환자와 2형 당뇨환자의 만성치주염에서 Matrix metalloproteinase-1의 발현양상

Expression of Matrix metalloproteinase-1 between Simple Chronic Periodontitis and Type 2 Diabetes associated Chronic Periodontitis on Protein level

초록

본 연구의 목적은 전신적으로 건강한 치주질환자를 대조군으로 하여 제 2형 당뇨병을 동반한 치주질환자의 치은조직에서 MMP-1의 발현양상을 관찰, 비교하는 것으로 당뇨병을 동반한 경우 MMP-1의 발현양상이 변화되는지의 여부를 연구하였다. 경북대학교 병원 치주과에 내원한 환자 중 검사 및 수술에 동의한 환자로 전선 질환이 없고 부착 소설이 없거나 안정되어 있으며 치은 염증 소견이 없는 환자를 정상조직군, 임상적 치주낭 깊이가 5 mm 이상이고 방사선 사진상 치조골 소실이 분명한 환자를 만성 치주염 환자군, 심각한 전신적 합병증, 감염등의 위험요인이 없고 2형 당뇨병으로 진단받은 환자로서 만성 치주염으로 진단된 환지군 각 8명을 대상으로 하였다. 만성 치주염 환자와 당뇨병을 가진 만성 치주염 환자에서 치은 염증 소견을 보이는 치은조직을 채득하고 액화질소에 넣어 급속 동결고정시킨 후 MMP-1의 발현 양상을 western blot analysis를 통해 관찰하였고, densitometer를 이용하여 상대적 발현을 정량, 각 조직의 ${\beta}-actin$을 이용하여 표준화하여 각 군의 평균치를 비교하였다. 각 군 간의 차이를 one way ANOVA test로 분석하였다. 모든 군에서 분자량 53 kDa의 MMP-1에 상응하는 띠가 나타났으며 정량결과 전신적으로 건강한 치주염 환자군에서 MMP-1의 발현이 당뇨병을 동반한 치주염 환자군과 정상조직군의 치은조직에서보다 높게 나타났으나 통계적으로 유의한 차이는 나타나지 않았다. 치은염증의 존재시 MMP-1의 발현이 다소 증가됨을 관찰하였으나 통계적으로 유의한 수준은 아니였으며, 당뇨병을 동반한 치주염 환자군에서 전신적으보 건강한 치주염 환자군에서 보다 MMP-1의 발현이 감소되는 경향을 보였다.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to quantify and compare the level of MMP-1 in the healthy or inflamed gingival tissue of patients with or without type 2 diabetic mellitus. We investigated whether mean amount of MMP-1 was changed by chronic periodontitis and type 2 DM. Gingival tissue samples were obtained during periodontal surgery or tooth extraction. According to the patient's systemic condition & clinical criteria of gingiva, each gingival sample was divided into the three group. Group 1(n=8) was clinically healthy gingiva without bleeding and no evidence of bone resorption or periodontal pockets, obtained from systemically healthy 8 patients. Group 2(n=8) was inflamed gingiva from patients with chronic periodontitis. Group 3(n=8) was inflamed gingiva from patients with chronic periodontitis and type 2 diabetes. Tissue samples were prepared and analyzed by Western blotting. The quantitative analysis of MMP-1 was performed using a densitometer and statistically analyzed by ANOVA. MMP-1 was expressed in all samples and an increased MMP-1 level was observed in group 2 compared to group 1 and decreased MMP-1 level was found group 3 compared to group 2, but the differences among 3 groups were not statistically significant. In conclusion, this study demonstrated that MMP-1 levels of inflamed gingiva of systemically healthy patient(group 2) were higher than normal gingiva of systemically health patients and although the severity of gingival inflammation in group 2 and 3 were similar, MMP-1 expression was decreased in diabetic patients than systemically healthy periodontal patients.

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