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수유기 여성의 칼슘과 철 영양상태 연구

A Study on Calcium and Iron Status of Lactating Women

Abstract

This study was intended to investigate the nutritional status between lactating and non- lactating women, especially calcium and iron. The subjects were 84 lactating women and 20 non-lactating women visiting a public health center and hospital in Daegu. Each subject was interviewed to collect the information on dietary intake for 2 consecutive days. Biochemical assessment of iron status and bone mineral density (BMD) measurement were conducted. Dietary intake of carbohydrate, potassium, Vit $B_1,\;B_2$, Vit C were significantly higher in women during lactating period (p<0.05). However, relative intake as expressed by percentage of Korean Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA) was not significantly different between the two groups. The dietary intake of iron and calcium were 58.8%, 60.4% of Korean RDA respectively in women during lactating period. The current food habit score of these women was significantly higher than that of non-lactating women (p<0.05). When we compared the quality of nutritional status, the Index of nutritional quality (INQ) was significantly higher for vitamin $B_2$, P in lactating women than in non-lactating women (p<0.1). Mean adequacy ratio (MAR) was not significantly different between two groups. Dietary variety score (DVS) was significantly higher in women during the lactating period (p<0.05). There was no significant difference in biomarkers (Hb, Hct, Serum ferritin, Transferrin) related to iron status between the two groups. No significant difference in bone mineral density (BMD) T-score was not observed. However, it appeared that BMD of lactating women was lower than that of non-lactating women.

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이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (3)

  1. Kim, Hee-Seon ; Kim, Min-Kyung ; Kim, So-Hee ; Lee, Sung-Soo ; Lee, Byung-Kook 2006. "Iron Nutritional Status by ALAD Genotype and Intervention Study for Rural Area Residents" 대한지역사회영양학회지 = Korean journal of community nutrition, 11(6): 771~778 
  2. Kim, Ji-Sun ; Park, Myung-Soon ; Lee, Joung-Won 2011. "Nutritional Status and Eating Behavior of Lactating Women in Daejeon" 대한지역사회영양학회지 = Korean journal of community nutrition, 16(1): 37~50 
  3. Ahn, Suk-Hee ; Kim, Jin-Hee 2011. "Women's Calcium Intake during Late Pregnancy and Breastfeeding" 근관절건강학회지 = Journal of muscle and joint health, 18(1): 63~72 

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