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논문 상세정보

2002년 봄 서울 지역에 발생한 심한 황사가 일별 사망에 미치는 영향

Effects of the Severe Asian Dust Events on Daily Mortality during the Spring of 2002, in Seoul, Korea

Abstract

Objectives: During the spring of 2002, an unprecedented 2 Asian dust events were experienced in Seoul. On those days, the $PM_{10}$ was surprisingly increased, with daily $PM_{10}$ averages exceeding $600\;and\;700{\mu}g/m^3$ on March 21 and April 8, respectively. Accordingly, public concern relating to the possible adverse health effects of these dust events has increased, as the dust arrives in Korea after having flown over heavily industrialized eastern China. We investigated the effects of these Asian dust events on the mortality during the spring of 2002, in Seoul, Korea. Methods: The total number of deaths per day during the spring of 2002 in Seoul was extracted form the mortality records of the National Statistical Office. We constructed 14 Asian dust days (March 17-March 23, April 7-April 13) and 42 control days during the 56 day study period (March 3-April 27) with respect to the days of the week. The daily average numbers of deaths between the Asian dust and control days were analyzed, with adjustment for meteorological variables and pollutants. Results: The daily PM10 average during the Asian dust weeks was $295.2{\mu}g/m^3$, which was significantly higher than during the control days (p<0.001). The daily average number of deaths from all causes during the Asian dust days was 109.9; 65.6 for those aged 65 years and older, 6.7 from respiratory causes (J00-J99) and 25.6 from cardiovascular causes (I00-I99). The estimated percentage increases in the rate of deaths were 2.5% (95% CI=-5.0-10.6) from all causes; 2.2% (95% CI=-7.4-12.8) for those aged 65 years and older, and 36.5% (95% CI=0.7-85.0) from respiratory causes, but with a 6.1% (95% CI=-19.7-9.7) decrease in deaths from cardiovascular causes. Conclusion: The Asian dust events were found to be weakly associated with the risk of death from all causes. However, the association between dust events and deaths from respiratory causes was stronger. This suggests that persons with advanced respiratory diseases may be susceptible to Asian dust events.

참고문헌 (24)

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  5. Song SK. Kim YG, Moon YS. Comparison of synoptic meteorological and optical features of Asian dust during springtime in 2002. Proceedings of the 34th Meeting of KOSAE 2002; 2A(3): 95-97 (Korean) 
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이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (5)

  1. Lee, Bo-Eun ; Ha, Eun-Hee ; Park, Hye-sook ; Kwon, Ji-Sook ; Shin, Kyung-Rim 2005. "Study on Perceived Symptoms and Preventive Behaviors during Asian Dust storms among Children, Adults and Elders" 韓國學校保健學會誌 = The Journal of the Korean society of school health, 18(1): 15~25 
  2. Kim Jeong-Youn ; Kim Byung-Mi ; Kim Ok-Jin ; Ha Eun-Hee ; Seo Ju-Hui ; Lee Bo-Eun ; Park Hye-Sook 2006. "Symptoms and Behavior Change before and After the Asian Dust Events Among Indoor and Outdoor Workers" 한국대기환경학회지 = Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, 22(4): 509~517 
  3. Kim, Ji-A ; Jin, Hyung-Ah ; Kim, Cheol-Hee 2007. "Characteristics of Time Variations of PM10 Concentrations in Busan and Interpreting Its Generation Mechanism Using Meteorological Variables" 한국환경과학회지 = Journal of the environmental sciences, 16(10): 1157~1167 
  4. Chang, Moon-Hee ; Ha, Eun-Hee ; Suh, Young-Ju ; Lee, Bo-Eun ; Kwon, Ho-Jang ; Hwang, Seong-Sik ; Li, Zhong-Min ; Seo, Ju-Hee ; Kim, Byung-Mi 2009. "The Perceived Symptom and Preventive Behavior Related to Asian Dust Event: in South Korean and Chinese" 한국대기환경학회지 = Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, 25(1): 26~37 
  5. Son, Ji-Young ; Cho, Yong-Sung ; Kim, Yoon-Shin ; Lee, Jong-Tae ; Kim, Yeon-Jung 2009. "An Analysis of Air Pollution Effect in Urban Area Related to Asian Dust on All-cause and Cause-specific Mortality in Seoul, Korea, 2000-2006" 韓國環境保健學會誌 = Journal of environmental health sciences, 35(4): 249~258 

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