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논문 상세정보

치밀골 두께 변화에 따른 임플랜트 1차안정성과 즉시하중부담능 평가

AN EVALUATION OF THE PRIMARY IMPLANT STABILITY AND THE IMMEDIATE LOAD-BEARING CAPACITY ACCORDING TO THE CHANGE OF CORTICAL BONE THICKNESS

Abstract

Statement of problem. Cortical bone plays an important role in the primary implant stability, which is essential to immediate/early loading. However, immediate load-bearing capacity and primary implant stability according to the change of the cortical bone thickness have not been reported. Purpose. The objectives of this study were (1) to measure the immediate load-bearing capacity of implant and primary implant stability according to the change of cortical bone thickness, and (2) to evaluate the correlation between them. Material and methods.48, screw-shaped implants (3.75 mm$\times$7 mm) were placed into bovine rib bone blocks with different upper cortical bone thickness (0-2.5 mm) and resonance frequency (RF) values were measured subsequently. After fastening of healing abutment. implants were subjected to a compressive load until tolerated micromotion threshold known for the osseointegration and load values at threshold were recorded. Thereafter, RF measurement after loading, CT taking and image analysis were performed serially to evaluate the cortical bone quality and quantity. Immediate load-bearing capacity and RF values were analyzed statistically with ANOVA and post-hoc method at 95% confidence level (P<0.05). Regression analysis and correlation test were also performed. Results. Existence and increase of cortical bone thickness increased the immediate load-bearing capacity and RF value (P<0.05) With the result of regression analysis, all parameter's of cortical bone thickness to immediate load-bearing capacity and resonance frequency showed significant positive values (P<0.0001). A significant high correlation was observed between the cortical bone thickness and immediate load-beating capacity (r=0.706, P<0.0001), between the cortical bone thickness and resonance frequency (r=0.753, P<0.0001) and between the immediate load-bearing capacity and resonance frequency (r=0.755, P<0.0001). Conclusion. In summary, cortical bone thickness change affected the immediate load-baring capacity and the RF value. Although RF analysis (RFA) is based on the measurement of implant/bone interfacial stiffness, when the implant is inserted stably, RFA is also considered to reflect implant/bone interfacial strength of immediately after placement from high correlation with the immediate load-baring capacity. RFA and measuring the cortical bone thickness with X-ray before and during surgery could be an effective diagnosis tool for the success of immediate loading of implant.

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이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (2)

  1. Jung, Hye-Eun ; Kim, Dae-Gon ; Park, Chan-Jin ; Cho, Lee-Ra ; Yi, Yang-Jin 2007. "STABILITY CHANGES OF IMMEDIATELY LOADED AND DELAYED LOADED IMPLANTS IN EDENTULOUS MANDIBLE" 대한치과보철학회지 = The journal of Korean academy of prosthodontics, 45(2): 250~262 
  2. Lee, Ju-Hyon ; Min, Hyun-Gi ; Lee, Jin-Sook ; Kim, Myung-Rae ; Kang, Na-Ra 2008. "RESONANCE FREQUENCY ANALYSIS IN NON-SUBMERGED, INTERNAL TYPE IMPLANT WITH SINUS AUGMENTATION USING DEPROTEINIZED BOVINE BONE MINERAL" 대한악안면성형재건외과학회지 = The journal of Korean association of maxillogacial plastic and reconstructive surgeons, 30(6): 554~560 

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