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초등학교 저학년 아동의 읽기 동기 구성요인과 읽기 능력의 관계

Relationships of Various Motivational Constructs and Reading Abilities of Elementary School Children

Abstract

It has been suggested that children's reasons for reading are various; reading efficacy, challenge, curiosity, involvement, importance, recognition, competition, compliance, grades, avoidance and social interactions. To extend previous studies in which only one or two motivational constructs were studied in relation to reading abilities, this study was carried out to examine 11 inter-relationships of motivational constructs and their relationships to reading abilities. Using the MRQ of Wigfield & Guthrie(1997), and the Basic Learning Skills Test of the Korea Educational Development Institute(1989), 334 elementary school children were measured for their reading motivation and abilities. The results showed that 11 motivational constructs were interrelated, which were also related with reading abilities. Out of 11 motivational constructs, importance was able to predict the reading abilities in multiple-regression analyses. From F-tests, those groups with high reading efficacy, challenge, curiosity, involvement, recognition, competition and social interactions outperformed those with low motivational constructs. The findings of this study confirm that children read for various reasons, and internal motivation and social interactions are significantly related with reading abilities. It is proposed that the internal reasons for reading are also more significant factors in explaining reading abilities than external reasons. Finally, cultural influences on reading motivation and comprehension are also discussed.

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