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Application of Multi-vitamins as Supplementary Nutrients on Biological and Economical Characteristics of Silkworm Bombyx mori L

Journal of asia-pacific entomology v.8 no.1 , 2005년, pp.107 - 112  

In order to investigate the effects of supplementary nutrients on silkworm, Bombyx mori, an experiment was conducted with multi-vitamins treatments. Leaves enriched with multi-vitamins (1, 2.5 and $5\%$) were fed once a day to 4th and 5th instar silkworm larva. The supplementation of the leaves was done by spraying the treatments on them. These treatments resulted in a significant increase in biological and economical parameters such as larval weight, female and male cocoon weight, pupal weight and egg productivity when compared with normal control. Multi-vitamins of $2.5\%$ treatment increased the larval weight by $10.2\%$, which had the most weight enhancement in the fifth day of 5th instar larvae. However, $5\%$ concentration of multi-vitamins decreased some biological characteristics. These treatments resulted in $4.7\%$ increase of cocoon's weight. In most of the moths the number and weight of eggs had significant difference compared to control, but these supplementary materials caused relatively less egg hatching.


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