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논문 상세정보


Contact toxicities of five insecticides viz. malathion, demeton-s-methyl, cypermethrin, deltamethrin and fenvalerate applied to foragers of honeybee Apis mellifera (L.) and Apis cerana (F.) were established. Each insecticide was evaluated at three levels of concentrations for contact toxicity under laboratory conditions. The mortality of honeybees increased with increase in concentration and exposure time. No quick knockdown effect was observed in all insecticides tested. The order of toxicity of different insecticides after 8h of treatment was in the order: malathion > cypermethrin > demeton-s-methyl > fenvalerate > deltamethrin for A. mellifera and malathion > demeton-s-methyl > cypermethrin > fenvalerate > deltamethrin for A. cerana. All the insecticides were highly toxic to honeybees.


참고문헌 (13)

  1. Abrol, D.P. 1993. Insect pollination and crop production in Jammu and Kashmir. Curr. Sci. 65: 265-269 
  2. Busvine, J.R. 1980. Recommended methods for measurement of pest resistance to pesticides. FAD Plant Protection paper No.21 Rome, Italy 
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  6. Panda, P., B.K. Sontakke,LK Swain and R.N. Mohapatra. 1989. Laboratory studies on the contact toxicity of some insecticides against Apis mellifera L. Indian Bee J. 51: 50-52 
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  8. Rehman, A., H. Kalita., M.M. Goswami and A.K. Baruah. 1993. Toxicity of certain insecticides to honeybee, Apis cerana indica. Pestic. Inform. 32: 40-41 
  9. Abrol, D.P. 1997. Bees and beekeeping in India. 450pp. Kalyani Publishers, Ludhiana, India 
  10. Greig, S. 1981. Toxicty of synthetic pyrethrins to honeybees. Schweizerische Bienen Zeitung 104: 155-175 
  11. Lingappa, S., A. Jagdish, K. Shivramu and H.P. Prabhuswamy 1985. Relative intrinsic toxicity of seven insecticides to foragers of the Indian hive bee Apis cerana indica F . Insect Sci. Applic. 6: 567-568 
  12. Kumar, S. 1989. Laboratory estimation of toxicity of some commonly used insecticides to honeybee Apis mellifera L. 75pp. M.Sc thesis, Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, India 
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이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (2)

  1. Ahn, Ki-Su ; Oh, Mann-Gyun ; Ahn, Hee-Geun ; Yoon, Chang-Mann ; Kim, Gil-Hah 2008. "Evaluation of Toxicity of Pesticides against Honeybee (Apis mellitera) and Bumblebee (Bombus terrestris)" 농약과학회지 = The Korean journal of pesticide science, 12(4): 382~390 
  2. Hwang, In-Cheon ; Cho, Tae-Kyung ; Youn, Young-Nam 2010. "Evaluation of Toxicity of Several Environmental Friendly Agricultural Materials on Honeybee (Apis mellifera) and Asian Multicolored Ladybird Beetle (Harmonia axyridis)" 한국응용곤충학회지 = Korean journal of applied entomology, 49(3): 227~232 


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