In Korea, there is an urgent need to identify nutrition-related risk factors for obesity, because the prevalence of these conditions continues to rise among Koreans. While some studies suggest that westernized dietary pattern may increase the risk of obesity, others do not support these findings. Longitudinal studies examined the role of dietary patterns in relation to changes in body fat composition. Nowadays rapid changes in dietary patterns are related to socioeconomic status and westernized diet. Major dietary changes include a large increase in the consuming of at in the diet and a fall in total cereal intakes and fiber. This research showed remarkable decline in the consuming proportion of the grains and vegetables. These results fit closely with the trend toward increased prevalence of obesity in Korea. Most longitudinal studies on these relationships among children and adults showed that the dietary patterns affected obesity. In conclusion, we need programs to promote healthy Korean diet pattern in Korea.
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