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논문 상세정보

붕어(Carassius auratus Linnaeus)와 떡붕어(C. cuvieri Temminck and Schlegel)의 유전적 비교

Genetic Comparison Between Crucian Carp (Carassius auratus Linnaeus) and Crucian Carp (C. cuvieri Temminck and Schlegel)

초록

한국의 예산과 당진에서 각각 채취된 붕어 (Carassius auratus)와 떡붕어 (Carassius cuvieri)로부터 genomic DNA를 분리 추출하여 반복해서 PCR로 증폭시켰다. 선택된 7개의 RAPD primer를 이용하여 primer 당 total loci, shared loci by each species, polymorphic 및 specific loci를 얻어냈다. 2종의 붕어로부터 primer와 2지역간에 banding patterns의 복잡성이 두드러지게 나타났다. DNA fragment의 분자적 크기는 150bp에서부터 1,600bp까지 커다란 차이를 나타내었다. 본 연구에서 CCY 붕어 종에서는 458개의 loci가 나타났고, CCD 떡붕어 종에서는 358개의 loci가 확인되었다. 또한 CCY 붕어 종에서는 84개의 polymorphic loci (18.3%)가 확인되었고, CCD떡붕어 종에서는 48개의 polymorphic loci (13.4%)가 확인되었다. CCY 붕어 종에서는 154개의 shared loci가 나타났으며, 이는 primer당 평균적으로 22개의 loci로 확인되었다. 또한 CCD떡붕어 종에서는 187개의 shared loci가 확인되었고, 평균해서 primer 당 26.7개의 loci가 나타났다. CCY붕어 종과 CCD 떡붕어 종의 polymorphic loci는 각각 84개와 48개로 확인되었다. 모든 붕어와 떡붕어 시료의 평균적인 BS value를 기초로 해서 CCY 붕어 종의 similarity matrix를 조사해 본 결과 0.434로부터 0.868까지 나타났고, CCD 떡붕어 종의 값은 0.449로부터 0.924까지 확인되었다. CCY 붕어 종내의 평균적인 BS value는 0.641±0.013이고, CCD 떡붕어 종내의 BS value의 평균값은 0.684±0.013을 나타내었다. 결과적으로 CCD 떡붕어 종내의 개체의 BS value 평균값이 CCY 붕어 종내의 평균값보다 높게 나타났다. 2 붕어와 떡붕어간의 평균적인 BS value은 0.484±0.007 (0.307~0.682)를 나타내었다. 7개의 primer를 사용하여 얻어진 dendrogram은 cluster 1 (AURATUS no. 01~AURATUS no. 11), cluster 2 (CUVIERI no. 12~CUVIERI no. 21) 및cluster 3 (CUVIERI no. 22)와 같이 3개의 유전적 클러스터로 나뉘어졌다. CCY 붕어 종내의 8번째 개체 (AURATUS no. 08)와 9번째 개체 (AURATUS no. 09) 사이가 가장 가까운 유전적 관계 (0.064)를 나타내었다. 또한 CCY붕어 종의 11번째(AURATUS no. 11)와 CCD떡붕어 종의 17번째 (CUVIERI no. 17) 사이가 가장 먼 유전적 거리 (0.477)를 나타내었다. 결과적으로 볼 때 한국 및 대서양산 lobster (0.612), 갈치 (0.708), 동자개(0.714)에 비해서 상대적으로 낮은 유전적 거리를 나타내었다.

Abstract

Genomic DNA isolated from two crucian carp species obtained from Yesan (Carassius auratus) and Dangjin (Carassius cuvieri) in Korea were amplified at several times by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The amplified products were separated by agarose gel electrophoresis (AGE) with oligonucleotides decamer primer and stained with ethidium bromide. The seven arbitrarily selected primers OPC-11, OPC-14, OPC-18, OPD- 02, OPD-11, OPD-15 and OPD-20 generated the shared loci by each species, the polymorphic and specific loci. The seven primers generated the total 458 loci that can be scored from the crucian carp obtained in C. auratus species. 358 fragments were generated from the species obtained in C. cuvieri species. The size of DNA fragments varies from 150 to 1,600bp. The complexity of the banding patterns varies dramatically between the primers and two locations. In this study, 458 loci were identified in the crucian carp species from Yesan and 358 in the crucian carp species from Dangjin: 84 polymorphic loci (18.3%) in the C. auratus species and 48 (13.4%) in the C. cuvieri species. 154 shared loci by each species, the average 22 per primer, were observed in the C. auratus species and 187 loci, the average 26.7 per primer, in the Dangjin species. Based on the average bandsharing (BS) values of all samples, the similarity matrix ranged from 0.434 to 0.868 in the C. auratus species and from 0.449 to 0.924 in the C. cuvieri species. The average BS value was 0.641±0.013 within the C. auratus species and 0.684±0.013 within the C. cuvieri species. The average BS value between two crucian carp species 0.484 ± 0.007, ranged from 0.307 to 0.682. The BS value between the individual No. 09 and No. 16 was 0.682, which was the highest between two crucian carp species. Compared separately, the BS value of individuals within the C. cuvieri species was higher than the C. auratus species. The dendrogram obtained by the seven primers, indicates three genetic clusters: cluster 1 (AURATUS No. 01, 02, 03, 04, 05, 06, 07, 08, 09, 10 and 11), cluster 2 (CUVIERI No. 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20 and 21) and cluster 3 (CUVIERI no. 22). The shortest genetic distance displaying significant molecular difference was between the individual AURATUS No. 09 and AURATUS No. 08 from Yesan (genetic distance=0.064). The longest genetic distance displaying significant molecular differences was between the individual CUVIERI No. 17 and AURATUS No. 11 between two crucian carp species (0.477). RAPD-PCR analysis has revealed the significant genetic distance between two crucian carp species pairs.(Key words: Carassius auratus, Carassius cuvieri, Crucian Carp, DNA Polymorphism, Genetic Distance)

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이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (1)

  1. Jang, Sung-Hyun ; Ryu, Hui-Seong ; Lee, Jung-Ho 2011. "Estimation on Population Ecological Characteristics of Crucian Carp, Carassius auratus in the Mid-Upper System of the Seomjin River" 한국환경생태학회지 = Korean journal of environment and ecology, 25(3): 318~326 

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