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논문 상세정보

홍삼 추출물 첨가 혼합 발효유의 특성

Properties of the Mixed Fermentation Milk Added with Red Ginseng Extract

초록

우유와 두유를 2:1로 혼합하고 홍삼 추출물을 첨가하여 발효유를 제조하였고 2종류의 스타터를 사용하여 발효 특성을 시험하였다. 2종류의 스타터를 사용한 모든 처리구에서 배양 15시간 후 pH는 $3.90{\sim}3.94$ 사이로 나타나 산 생성 촉진 효과가 있었고, 산 생성은 홍삼 추출물 첨가량이 증가함에 따라 조금씩 증가되는 것으로 나타났다. 홍삼 추출물 첨가량이 증가할수록 생균수는 증가하여 Lactobacillus acidophilus KCTC 3150를 스타터로 사용한 균에서 1.0% 홍삼 추출물 첨가량은 $6.26{\times}10^8\;cfu/mL$로서 최대 균수를 나타내었으며, 배양 12시간 이후에 대조구에서는 감소하는 반면 홍삼 추출물 첨가구에서는 젖산균수는 계속해서 최대균수를 유지하고 있었다. 유기산 생성은 lactic acid인 경우 Lactobacillus acidophilus KCTC3150에서 1.0% 홍삼 추출물 첨가구에서 332.22 mM로 가장 높았으며 홍삼 추출물 첨가량이 증가됨에 따라 lactic acid의 생성량도 증가되었다. 당 분해율은 두 균주 모두 홍삼 추출물 첨가량이 증가함에 따라 stachylose의 분해율이 증가하였고, Lactobacillus acidophilus KCTC3150 균주의 경우 stachylose의 분해율이 최대 19%인 반면, Lactobacillus salivarius subsp. salivarius CNU27의 경우 stachylose의 최대 분해율은 54%로서 분해율이 월등히 높았다. 점도는 홍삼추출물 첨가량이 1.0% 첨가구에서 Lactobacillus acidophilus KCTC3150, Lactobacillus salivarius subsp. salivarius CNU27 각각 780 cP로 가장 높게 나타났다. 관능검사 결과는 0.2% 홍삼 추출물을 첨가하고 Lactobacillus salivarius subsp. salivarius CNU27를 스타터로 사용한 발효유가 $4.14{\pm}0.64$로 기호도가 가장 좋게 나타났다.

Abstract

This experiment was carried out to examine the fermentation properties of yogurt with bovine milk and soybean milk at the mixed ratio of 2:1 and added 0.1, 0.2, 0.4 and 1.0% red ginseng extract. The effect on promoting the fermentation by additives 0.1, 0.2, 0.4 and 1.0% red ginseng extracts were higher and pH was $3.90{\sim}3.94$ when Lactobacillus acidophilus KCTC3150 and Lactobacillus salivarius ssp. salivarius CNU27 were used. Titratable acidity showed a little inhibiting due to increasing red ginseng extract content. The average viable counts of lactic acid bacteria after 15 hour culture was the highest level of $6.26{\times}10^8cfu/mL$ when Lactobacillus acidophilus KCTC3150 was used, and the additives content of red ginseng extract was 1.0% The production of lactic acid was the highest and the concentration was 332.22 mM when Lactobacillus acidophilus KCTC3150 was used, and the additives content of red ginseng extracts was 1.0% Lactose hydrolysis was completely hydrolyzed when Lactobacillus acidophilus KCTC3150 and Lactobacillus salivarius ssp. salivarius CNU27 were used. The highest viscosity of yogurt was 780 cP when Lactobacillus acidophilus KCTC3150 and Lactobacillus salivarius subsp. salivarius CNU27 were used and red ginseng extract was added 1.0% The overall acceptability, $4.17{\pm}0.64$, was the highest when Lactobacillus salivarius subsp. salivarius CNU27 was used and the additives content of red ginseng extract was 0.2%.

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이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (3)

  1. Ku, Su-Kyung ; Choi, Hae-Yeon 2009. "Antioxidant Activity and Quality Characteristics of Red Ginseng Sweet jelly (Yanggaeng)" 한국식품조리과학회지 = Korean Journal of Food & Cookery Science, 25(2): 219~226 
  2. Kim, Ae-Jung ; Lim, Hee-Jung ; Kang, Shin-Jung 2010. "Quality Characteristics of Black Ginseng Jelly" 한국식품영양학회지 = The Korean journal of food and nutrition, 23(2): 196~202 
  3. Lee, Jai-Sung ; Choi, Hee-Young ; Bae, Inhyu 2013. "Quality Properties of Yoghurt Added with Bokbunja (Rubus coreanus Miquel) Wine" Korean journal for food science of animal resources = 한국축산식품학회지, 33(6): 806~816 

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