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논문 상세정보

초등학교 비만 아동과 정상 체중 아동의 체중 조절 실태와 식습관에 관한 연구

A Study on the Weight Control and Food Habit in Obese and Normal-Weight Elementary Children


This study examined the weight control and food habits in 160 obese children and 191 normal-weight children in 4th, 5th and 6th graders of some elementary schools in Gumi city. Regarding the subjects' self-recognition of their body shape, 27.8% of the normal weight group and 92.5% of the obese group acknowledged themselves to be obese. 58.9% of the normal weight group and 61.0% of the obese group were not satisfied with their own body shape and the difference between two groups was very small, 23.6% of the normal weight group and 87.5% of the obese group have tried to reduce weight. The main causative factor of weight gain that children themselves recognized was a sedentary life style. All the students showed a high rate of irregular and unbalanced diet. The obese children showed a significantly higher rate of skipping meals and eating meals faster than the normal weight children. More obese children disliked exercise, and did less excercise than the normal weight children. There was a negative correlation between the obesity index and the food habit score. In other words, they frequently skip a meals, eat in a hurry and dislike vegetables and dairy products. In addition, there was a positive correlation between the student's BMI and the parents' BMI. Overall, many normal weight children showed a high level of self-consciousness of being obese or underweight. Both groups showed a low degree of satisfaction with their own body shape. Therefore education for the distorted perception of body shape is needed because, even normal weight children have tried to reduce their weight. Obese children should be encouraged to exercise, not skip a meals and eat slowly. They also need a systematic education program on weight reduction and weight maintenance. Moreover, education on a healthy diet, healthy food habits, and healthy body shape are necessary for elementary school children.

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  1. Kim, Ju-Hyeon ; Ha, Ae-Wha ; Kang, Nam-E 2010. "Differences in Table Attitudes, Eating Habits, and Nutrition Knowledge in Elementary School Boys and Girls" 한국식품영양학회지 = The Korean journal of food and nutrition, 23(4): 623~632 
  2. Park, Yoon-Hee ; Park, Eun-Sook 2010. "Body Weight Control, Attitudes, Lifestyle and Dietary Habits in Elementary School Students According to the Obesity Index" 東아시아食生活學會誌 = Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life, 20(1): 175~186 
  3. Choi, Soon-Nam ; Kim, Hyun-Jung ; Chung, Nam-Yong 2011. "Nutrient Intakes, Nutritional Knowledge, Food Habits, and Lifestyle Behaviors of Obese Children" 대한영양사협회 학술지 = Journal of the Korean dietetic association, 17(4): 349~363 

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