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여고생을 대상으로 한 개별화 금연 프로그램의 효과

Effects of a Tailored Smoking Cessation Program in High School Girls

Abstract

Objectives: This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of a tailored program based on the Transtheoretical Model to smoking cessation in high school girls. Methods: A quasi-experimental research design was used in this study. The participants were 35 industrial high school girls who have been smoking. The girls were allocated to an experimental group(18) and a control group(17) by randomization. For intervention, the experimental group received the group smoking cessation program and individual program which tailored according to the stage of change. A common group smoking cessation program was given to the control group. Data were collected before the program, immediately after and 4 weeks after the program was completed and were analyzed with repeated measure ANOVA. Result: In the experimental group, the daily smoking amount, nicotine dependency and decisional balance(Pros) score were significantly decreased and the self-efficacy score were significantly increased at one month after the intervention in comparison with before and immediately after it. The decisional balance(Cons) and processes of change score of the experimental group were significantly increased at immediately after the intervention and one month after it in comparison with before it, and at one month after it in comparison with immediately after it. A significant difference in the daily smoking amount, urine cotinine, nicotine dependency, decisional balance(Pros, Cons) and processes of change score between the both groups was found after one month of intervention. Conclusions: The tailored smoking cessation program was more effective, compared to the common smoking cessation program on smoking behavior, self-efficacy, decisional balance, processes of change. This program can be used for favorable changes in high school girl's smoking behavior.

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이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (3)

  1. Hwang, Byung-Deog 2007. "Knowledge, Attitude and Factors for Smoking Behavior in High School Students" 保健敎育健康增進學會誌 = Korean journal of health education and promotion, 24(2): 45~61 
  2. Kim, Yun-Hee ; Kim, Jung-Soon ; Kim, Myoung-Soo 2009. "Effectiveness of Public Health Center Smoking Cessation Counseling Program using the Transtheoretical Model" Journal of Korean academy of nursing = 대한간호학회지, 39(4): 469~479 
  3. Kwon, Mi-Kyung ; Bang, Kyung-Sook 2013. "Effects of Smoking Cessation Education for Male College Students" 한국간호교육학회지 = The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, 19(4): 640~647 

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