본 실험은 배양액의 농도가 무화과의 생육과 수량에 미치는 영향을 조사하기 위하여 수행하였다. 1차 실험에서 배양액의 농도에 따른 무화과 생육은 1/2농도 처리구에서 초장, 엽수, 경경, 착과수가 양호했으며, 엽장과 엽폭은 1/2농도구를 제외한 다른 처리간에는 차이가 없었다. 배양액의 농도에 따른 과식의 평균과중은 토양재배의 38.4g보다 수경재배에서 50.9g으로 높게 나타났고, 과장, 과경, 당도는 처리간의 차이가 없었다. 수확량은 토양재배보다 수경재배에서 월등하게 많았으며, 배양액 1/2농도보다 2/2와 3/2농도에서 높게 나타났다. 무화과의 수경재배에서 저농도에서 양호한 생육을 나타내었으며, 수량은 높은 농도에서 양호하였다. 본 실험의 결과는 무화과의 수량 및 품질증대에 유용하게 활용될 수 있을 것이다.
This experiment has investigated the effect of growth, yield and fruit quality of fig plant by different concentration of nutrient solution. Nutrient solution for pig plant were three concentrations of the balanced nutrient formula development by Japanese Horticultural Experiment Station. Plant height, number of leaves, stem diameter and number of fruit per plant were the best at 1/2 concentration. However, leaf length and leaf width did not show any difference in other treatment. Fruit length, fruit diameter and soluble solids did not differ from the different concentration of nutrient solutions. However, the fruit weight of fig plant was heavier by hydroponics than by soil culture in 2nd experiment. Early stage growth of fig plant was better at low concentration of nutrient solution and yield was better at high concentration. The result of this experiment will be utilized in the new application for fig plant hydroponics.
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