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한국 건강불평등의 현황과 문제점

Health Inequalities in Korea: Current Conditions and Implications


Objectives : The aim of this study is to summarize the current conditions and implications of health inequalities in South Korea. Methods : Through a literature review of empirical studies and supplementary analysis of the data presented in the 1998, 2001, and 2005 KNHANEs, we evaluated the extent and trends of socioeconomic inequalities in both health risk factors, such as smoking, physical activity, and obesity, and outcomes, such as total mortality, subjective poor health status by self-reports and metabolic syndrome. Relative risks and odds ratios were used to measure differences across socioeconomic groups, and the relative index of inequality was used to evaluate the changes in inequalities over time. Results : We found clear inequalities to various degrees?in most health indicators. While little change was observed in mortality differences over time, the socioeconomic gaps in risk factors and morbidity have been widening, with much larger differences among the younger population. Conclusions : Socioeconomic inequalities are pervasive across various health indicators, and some of them are increasing. The trends in socioeconomic inequalities in health should be carefully monitored, and comprehensive measures to alleviate health inequalities are needed, especially for young populations.

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이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (6)

  1. 김기랑, 홍서아, 김미경 2008. "한국인의 생애 주기별 교육 수준에 따른 영양 상태와 식품 불충분성-2005년도 국민건강영양조사 자료를 이용하여" 韓國營養學會誌 = The Korean journal of nutrition., 41(7): 667~681 
  2. 김봉정, 정애숙, 이주열 2009. "남자 직업군인의 건강수준 관련 요인" 保健敎育健康增進學會誌 = Korean journal of health education and promotion, 26(3): 49~62 
  3. 이원영 2009. "성인 구강건강수준의 사회경제적 불평등에서 일부 구강건강관련 행태 요인의 역할" 保健敎育健康增進學會誌 = Korean journal of health education and promotion, 26(1): 129~140 
  4. 김민경, 정우진, 임승지, 윤수진, 이자경, 김은경, 고난주 2010. "한국인의 사회경제적 불평등에 따른 주관적 건강수준의 차이와 건강행태 기여요인 분석" Journal of preventive medicine and public health = 예방의학회지, 43(1): 50~61 
  5. 서제희, 김호, 신영전 2010. "아동기 및 성인기 사회경제적 위치와 세대 간 사회 이동이 성인기 건강에 미치는 영향" Journal of preventive medicine and public health = 예방의학회지, 43(2): 138~150 
  6. 서제희, 김호, 신영전 2010. "아동기 및 성인기 사회경제적 위치와 세대 간 사회 이동이 성인기 건강에 미치는 영향" Journal of preventive medicine and public health = 예방의학회지, 43(2): 138~150 


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