• 검색어에 아래의 연산자를 사용하시면 더 정확한 검색결과를 얻을 수 있습니다.
  • 검색연산자
검색연산자 기능 검색시 예
() 우선순위가 가장 높은 연산자 예1) (나노 (기계 | machine))
공백 두 개의 검색어(식)을 모두 포함하고 있는 문서 검색 예1) (나노 기계)
예2) 나노 장영실
| 두 개의 검색어(식) 중 하나 이상 포함하고 있는 문서 검색 예1) (줄기세포 | 면역)
예2) 줄기세포 | 장영실
! NOT 이후에 있는 검색어가 포함된 문서는 제외 예1) (황금 !백금)
예2) !image
* 검색어의 *란에 0개 이상의 임의의 문자가 포함된 문서 검색 예) semi*
"" 따옴표 내의 구문과 완전히 일치하는 문서만 검색 예) "Transform and Quantization"
쳇봇 이모티콘
ScienceON 챗봇입니다.
궁금한 것은 저에게 물어봐주세요.

논문 상세정보

Comparison of Soil Physical Properties in Conventional and Organic Farming Apple Orchards


Soil physical properties in organic farming apple orchard were evaluated in relation to conventional farming to better understand the effects of organic farming system on soil quality. Two adjacent apple orchards, matched by soil type, were chosen to ensure the same pedological conditions except management system. Soil samples were collected from middle of two adjacent trees along the tree line at two depths of 5-20 and 20-35 cm in September 2006. Contents of organic matter in organic farming soil were twice as much as those found in soil of conventional farming. The higher level of organic matter in organic farming soil was reflected through a consequent trend in improved soil physical properties. Organic farming produced greater aggregation in >2 mm size and increased aggregate stability. Bulk density was lower by 13% and hence porosity was higher in soils of organic farming as compared with conventional farming. Water holding capacity was significantly greater with organic farming by >17% over conventional farming. The capacity of organic farming to improve soil physical properties can be contributed to the regular application of relatively large amount of organic materials and the sustainable ground-cover managements, mulching with compost and cover crop cultivation.

저자의 다른 논문

참고문헌 (28)

  1. Pacini, C. A., Wossink, A., Gisen, G., Vazzanna, C. and Huine, R. (2003) Evaluation of sustainability of organic, integrated and conventional farming systems: A farm and field-scale analysis, Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 95, 273-288 
  2. Bronick, C. J. and Lal, R. (2005) Soil structure and management: A review, Geoderma 124, 3-22 
  3. Mikha, M. M. and Rice, C. W. (2004) Tillage and manure effects on soil and aggregate associated carbon and nitrogen, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 68, 809-816 
  4. Vogtmann, H. (1984) Organic farming practices and research in Europe, In Kral, D. M. et al. (ed.) Organic farming: Current technology and its role in a sustainable agriculture, ASA Special Publication No. 46, American Society of Agronomy, Madison, WI, USA, p. 19-36 
  5. Hatfield, J. L. and Karlen, D. L. (1994) Sustainable agriculture system, Lewis Publishes, Boca Raton, FL, USA 
  6. Gerhardt, R. A. (1997) A comparative analysis of the effects of organic and conventional farming systems on soil structure, BioI. Agric. Hart. 14, 139-157 
  7. Liebig, M. A. and Doran, J. W. (1999) Impact of organic production practices on soil quality indicators, J. Environ. Qual. 28, 1601-1609 
  8. Carter, M. R. (2002) Soil quality for sustainable land management: Organic matter and aggregation interactions that maintain soil functions, Agron. J. 94, 38-47 
  9. Marinari, S., Mancinelli, R, Campiglia, E. and Grego, S. (2006) Chemical and biological indicators of soil quality in organic and conventional farming systems in Central Italy, Ecol. Indicators 6, 701-711 
  10. Melero, S., Porras, J. C. R., Herencia, J. F. and Madejon, E. (2006) Chemical and biochemical properties in a silty loam soil under conventional and organic management, Soil Tillage Res. 90, 162-170 
  11. Tejada, M., Hernandez, M. T. and Garcia, C. (2006) Application of two organic amendments on soil restoration: Effects on the soil biological properties, J. Environ. Qual. 35, 1010-1017 
  12. Martini, E. A., Buyer, J. S., Bryant, D. C., Hartz, T. K. and Denison, R. F. (2004) Yield increases during the organic transition: improving soil quality or increasing experience? Field Crop. Res. 86, 255-266 
  13. Marriott, E. E. and Wander, M. M. (2006) Total and labile soil inorganic matter in organic and conventional farming systems, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 70, 950-959 
  14. Darwish, O. H., Persaud, N. and Martens, D. C. (1995) Effect of long-term application of animal manure on physical properties of three soils, Plant Soil 176, 289-295 
  15. Barzegar, A. R., Yousefi, A. and Daryashenas, A. (2002) The effect of addition of different amounts and types of organic materials on soil physical properties and yield of wheat, Plant Soil 247, 295-301 
  16. Schjenning, P., Elmholt, S., Munkholm, L. J. and Debosz, K. (2002) Soil quality aspects of humid sandy loams as influenced by organic and conventional long-term management, Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 88, 195-214 
  17. Zaller, J. G. and Kopke, U. (2004) Effects of traditional and biodynamic farmyard manure amendment on yields, soil chemical, biochemical and biological properties in a long-term experiment, BioI. Fertil. Soils 40, 222-229 
  18. Nelson, D. W. and Sommers, L. E. (1982) Total carbon, organic carbon, and organic matter, In Page, A. L. et al. (ed.) Methods of soil analysis, Part 2: Chemical and microbiological properties, Soil Science Society of America, Madison, Wl, USA, p. 539-579 
  19. Haynes, R. J. (1993) Effect of sample pretreatment on aggregate stability measured by wet sieving or turbidimetry on soils of different cropping history, J. Soil Sci. 44, 261-270 
  20. Piccolo, A. and Mbagwu, J. S. C. (1999) Role of hydrophobic components of soil organic matter in soil aggregate stability, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 63, 1801-1810 
  21. SAS Institute. (1995) SAS/EIs software reference (2nd ed.) SAS Institute, Cary, NC, USA 
  22. Pimentel, D., Hepperly, P., Hanson, J., Douds, D. and Seidel, R. (2005) Environmental, energetic, and economic comparisons of organic and conventional farming systems, BioScience 55, 573-582 
  23. Lee, Y. J., Choi, D. H., Kim, S. H., Lee, S. M., Lee, Y. H., Lee, B. M. and Kim, T. W. (2004) Longterm changes in soil chemical properties in organic arable farming systems in Korea, Korean J. Soil Sci. Fert. 37, 228-234 
  24. Zibilske, L. M. and Bradford, J. M. (2007) Soil aggregation, aggregate carbon and nitrogen, and moisture retention induced by conservation tillage, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 71, 793-802 
  25. Mader, P., Fliebach, A, Dubois, D., Gunst, L., Fried, P. and Niggli, U. (2002) Soil fertility and biodiversity in organic farming, Science 296, 1694-1697 
  26. Oades, J. M. (1984) Soil organic matter and structural stability mechanisms and implications for management, Plant Soil 76, 319-337 
  27. Arshad, M. A., Lowery, B. and Grossman, B. (1996) Physical tests for monitoring soil quality, In Doran, J. W. and Jones, A. J. (ed.) Methods for assessing soil quality, SSSA Special Publication No. 49, Soil Science Society of America, Madison, WI, USA, p. 123-142 
  28. Oliveira, M. T. and Merwin, I. A. (2001) Soil physical conditions in a New York orchard after eight years under different ground-cover management systems, Plant Soil 234, 233-237 

이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (0)

  1. 이 논문을 인용한 문헌 없음


원문 PDF 다운로드

  • ScienceON :
  • KCI :

원문 URL 링크

원문 PDF 파일 및 링크정보가 존재하지 않을 경우 KISTI DDS 시스템에서 제공하는 원문복사서비스를 사용할 수 있습니다. 원문복사서비스 안내 바로 가기

상세조회 0건 원문조회 0건

DOI 인용 스타일