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초록

영 유아의 정상적인 성장과 발육에 도움을 줄 수 있는 영 유아용 조제식의 영양적 완전성을 강화하기 위하여 우리나라, CODEX, 미국, 일본, EU, 호주 및 뉴질랜드의 관련법령 및 개선안을 비교 분석 후, 우리나라 영 유아용 조제식의 규격기준의 개선방안을 다음과 같이 제시하고자 한다. 조제유류와 영아용 조제식으로 이원화된 기준을 CODEX 규격안과 같이 '영 유아용 조제식'으로 통합하고 사용 대상을 6개월 이내의 영 유아로 한정하도록 제시한다. 영 유아용 조제식의 유단백질에 대한 질소계수를 CODEX 규격안과 동일한 수준으로 변경하고, 단백질 급원에 따른 함량별 차이와 모유내의 필수아미노산 성분을 단백질 함량 규격에 제시한다. 또한 영 유아를 위한 필수지방산인 $\alpha$-linolenic acid, DHA와 EPA, trans fatty acid 함유량을 지방 함량 규격에 제시한다. 영 유아용 조제식의 비타민과 무기질 및 기타 영양소의 성분기준을 선진국과 동일한 중량(100 g)당에서 에너지(100 kcal)당 영양소 함량으로 개선하도록 제시한다. 현행 규격에는 일부 비타민(비타민 A, D)과 무기질(나트륨, 칼륨 및 염소)의 최대값만 지정되어 있으므로 모든 비타민과 무기질의 최대값을 설정하도록 제시한다. CODEX 규격안, EU, 호주 및 뉴질랜드 영 유아용 조제식 관련 규격에서 제시한 모유내 면역증진성분으로 알려진 nucleotide 5종(cytidine, uridine, adenosine, guanosine, inosine 5'-monophosphate)과 치아 건강 유지에 도움이 되는 불소의 함량 규격을 설정하도록 제시한다.

Abstract

The purpose of the present study was to propose some amendments on nutrient standard regulations of infant formula in Korea. For this purpose, we compared and analyzed the nutrient regulations of Korea, CODEX, U.S.A, Japan, EU, Australia and New Zealand. Some developing aspects of Korea's nutrient standard regulations for infant formula need to be examined as follows: firstly, both milk-based formula and soy-based formula standards would be unified into an infant formula, and the user of infant formula would be categorized for babies less than 6 month old. Secondly, nitrogen conversion factor of milk protein in the infant formula would be 6.38, which is the same as that of CODEX Revised Standard. Protein quantities could be differentiated by protein sources, and essential amino acids in human milk would be standardized according to protein contents. Thirdly, $\alpha$-linolenic acid, docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) as essential fatty acids and trans fatty acid would be standardized in terms of the contents. Fourthly, it is recommended that the unit of vitamins and minerals would be changed from g/100 g to g/100 kcal, and individual vitamins and mineral would have their maximum values. Finally, 5 nucleotides (cytidine, uridine, adenosine, guanosine, inosine 5'-monophosphate) and fluoride would be required for the strengthening the immunity and the development of teeth, respectively. In conclusion, the scientific studies on amendment scheme of nutrient standard regulations of infant formula is very important to fortify nutritional completeness for Korean infants and young children.

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