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풍선 아트를 이용한 관심 전환이 학령전기 아동의 정맥 주사 삽입 시 통증에 미치는 효과

Effects of Distraction using Balloon Art on Pain during Intravenous Injections in Preschool Children

Abstract

Purpose: This study was done to evaluate the effects of distraction using balloon art on pain experienced by preschool children when undergoing an intravenous injection. Methods: Participants were 40 hospitalized preschool children. Children in the experimental group (20) were distracted by balloon art while undergoing an intravenous injection. Children in the control group (20) received regular care. Pain experienced by the children was measured using self-report, observation tools, heart rate and oxygen saturation. The data were analyzed using the SAS program. Results: Compared with the control group, children in the experimental group showed significant difference in pain as shown by pulse rate. However, children in the experimental group did not show a decrease in pain in the self-report or behavior observation when compared with children in the control group. Conclusion: Distraction using balloon art can be used to reduce pain for preschool children when undergoing an intravenous injection. Further nursing interventions need to be developed and provided to preschool children when undergoing painful procedures.

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이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (3)

  1. Yi, Kyung-Min ; Koo, Hyun-Young 2010. "Nursing Students' Knowledge on Children's Pain" 동서간호학연구지 = Journal of East-West nursing research, 16(2): 113~121 
  2. Kim, Hae-Won ; Ahn, Hye-Young 2011. "Effects of Local Anesthetic Cream on Pain Relief in Newborns During Venipuncture" Journal of Korean academy of child health nursing, 17(4): 215~221 
  3. Cho, Su Mi ; Ahn, Hye Young 2013. "Effect of Distraction on Hospitalized Children's Fear of Hospital and Needle-related Pain" 한국간호교육학회지 = The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, 19(4): 684~692 

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