본 연구에서는 1995년 고베 지진에 의해 손상을 입은 강 거더 교량에 대해 비선형 지진해석을 수행하였다. 해석수행을 위해 휨-축력 및 휨-전단-축력간의 상호작용을 모사할 수 있는 이력모델을 제안하였다. 제안된 이력모델은 힌지모델 형태로 구조해석 프로그램에 조인트 요소로 연결한 후, 힌지모델 사용한 간편한 해석기법을 교량 교각에 적용하였다. 휨-축력 상호작용을 고려한 해석결과는 상세한 화이버 요소 해석결과와 비교하였고, 좋은 상관관계를 나타내었다. 또한, 휨-축력-전단 상호작용을 고려한 해석결과는 지진하중을 받는 교각의 변위 요소별 검토가 가능하여 교각의 전체 변위성능 분석에 유용하게 사용할 수 있을 것으로 판단된다.
In the present study, nonlinear earthquake analysis was carried out for a steel girder bridge that had been damaged by the 1995 Kobe earthquake. For such analysis, the use of hysteretic models describing flexure-axial and shear-axial interaction was suggested. The models were incorporated into a structural analysis program in terms of the joint elements representing hinge models, and then a simplified analysis scheme using the hinge models was employed for bridge piers. The analytical predictions of the flexure-axial interactive hinge model show a good correlation with those of the detailed fiber element model. In addition, the analytical predictions of the flexure-shear-axial interactive hinge model enable a displacement component to be separately captured. It is thus recognized that the present study can be a useful scheme for the healthy evaluation of the global displacement performance of piers subjected to earthquake excitation.
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