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프로폴리스 섭취 후 흡연자의 임파구 DNA 손상도 및 항산화 상태의 변화: 이중맹검 교차 인체시험

Changes in Lymphocyte DNA Damage and Antioxidant Status after Supplementing Propolis to Korean Smokers: A Placebo-Controlled, Double-Blind Cross-Over Trial

초록

흡연은 신체 내 산화 스트레스를 유발할 뿐 아니라 체내 항산화 상태를 악화시킨다. 따라서 흡연으로 인해 유도되는 산화 스트레스를 줄여주기 위한 여러 다양한 식품영양학적인 시도들이 되어져 왔다. 프로폴리스는 꿀벌이 자신의 생존과 번식을 유지하기 위하여 여러 식물에서 뽑아낸 수지에 꿀벌 자신의 침과 효소 등을 혼합하여 만든 천연 물질이다. 본 연구에서는 프로폴리스가 산화 스트레스로 인해 나타난 흡연자의 DNA 손상을 회복시키어 항산화 영양 상태를 개선시키는지를 보고자 하여 placebo를 사용하는 double- blind cross-over 인체시험을 수행하였다. 흡연자에게 800 mg의 프로폴리스와 placebo를 4주 섭취시킨 후 2주 washout period를 가진 뒤 다시 군을 바꾸어 교차시험으로 4주간 섭취시킨 후, comet assay에 의한 DNA 손상도 및 신체 내 항산화 효소 수준, 총 항산화력 및 항산화 비타민 상태를 분석하였다. 처음 2주 동안의 고갈기간 후에 흡연자 29명 (평균나이: 34.38 ${\pm}$ 1.73세)을 프로폴리스군과 위약군의 두 군으로 나누어 하루에 프로폴리스 또는 위약을 4주 동안 공급하였고 2주 동안의 washout 기간을 가진 후에 교차실험을 위해 대상자의 군을 바꾸어 다시 4주 동안 프로폴리스와 위약을 공급하였다. Comet assay로 분석한 대상자의 임파구 DNA 손상정도는 프로폴리스를 섭취한 군이나 위약을 섭취한 군 간에 차이를 보이지 않았으며 총 항산화 영양상태도 두 군 간에 차이가 나타나지 않았다. 적혈구 항산화 효소인 catalase, glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), superoxide dismutase (SOD) 활성도, 그리고 혈장 vitamin C와 tocopherol 수준도 프로폴리스군과 위약군 사이에 차이를 보이지 않았다. 따라서 흡연자에 있어서 프로폴리스의 항산화 효과를 평가하기 위해서는 앞으로 더 다양한 연구가 필요하리라고 생각된다.

Abstract

Smoking has been known to exacerbate the initiation and propagation of oxidative stresses. Efforts have been made to reduce the smoking-induced oxidative stresses using commercial dietary supplements. Propolis is the resinous substance collected by bees from the leaf buds and bark of trees, especially poplar and conifer trees. In this trial, we examined whether a daily supplementation of 800 mg propolis can protect endogenous lymphocytic DNA damage and modulate antioxidative enzyme activities and the level of antioxidant vitamin in smokers using a placebo-controlled, doubleblinded cross-over trial. After two weeks of running-in period, 29 smokers (mean age 34.38 ${\pm}$ 1.73) received 6 tablets/day of either propolis or placebo pills for 4 weeks. After 2 weeks of washout period the subjects switched they pills for cross-over study. The degree of DNA damage (assessed by tail DNA, tail length and tail moment) was not significantly changed with propolis intake or placebo intake. Similarly, total antioxidant status (TAS) remained at the same level regardless of the treatment. Erythrocyte catalase, glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), superoxide dismutase (SOD), plasma vitamin C and tocopherol level did not differ before and after propolis treatment, and did not differ between treatments. Putting all these results together, we would suggest that it is still too early to claim that propolis possess antioxidative activities.

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이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (1)

  1. Kim, Jung-Shin ; Park, Eun-Ju ; Min, Hye-Sun ; Kang, Myung-Hee 2010. "Relationships of Plasma Homocysteine Concentration and Oxidative Stress Markers in Korean Collage Students" 韓國營養學會誌 = The Korean journal of nutrition., 43(5): 443~452 

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