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논문 상세정보

연관지도를 이용한 새우난초, 금새우난초, 변이종의 화색의 유전분석

Genetic Analysis of Flower Color Traits in Calanthe discolor, C. sieboldii, and Variants Using Molecular Linkage Map

초록

본 연구는 제주도에서 자생하는 새우난초 3개체, 금새우난초 3개체 그리고 변이종 14개체를 포함하여 총 20개체를 화색에 따라 분류하고 유전자지도를 작성하여 QTL분석을 하였다. 화색은 새우난초가 어두운 자색으로 CIE Lab값이 $40{\sim}50$ 정도였으며, 금새우난초는 황색으로 $110{\sim}130$ 정도였고, 변이종 개체들은 새우난초와 유사하거나 다소 높았다. PCR 결과 얻은 polymorphism이 인정되는 154개 marker에 대한 분리비 적합도 검정에서 51개 marker에서 5% 수준의 유의성이 인정되었으며, 유의성이 인정된 51개 marker 중에서 새우난초 type은 37개, 금새우난초 type은 14개 였다. Polymorphism이 인정된 154개 marker에 대하여 MAPL program을 이용하여 이들 marker 상호간의 연관관계를 분석한 결과는 16개의 연관군과 1개의 독립군으로 구분되었으며, 이들 연관군에 대한 분자연관지도는 전체 group의 크기가 220.4 cM (centi Morgan)이고, marker간의 평균거리는 3.3 cM이었다. 양적 형질에 대한 분자연관지도상의 QTL 분석 결과, LOD 3.0 이상인 화색과 설판색의 QTL은 각각 3개와 1개였다. 이상에서 얻어진 자료는 새우난초 속의 화색 연구에 도움이 될 것으로 사료된다.

Abstract

This study was conducted to clarify the genetic relationship between Calanthe discolor, C. sieboldii and variants, and the cause of flower color variations by using a molecular linkage map and a quantitative trait loci (QTL) analysis for flower and lip color in Calanthe species native to Korea. Twenty plants were included in three C. discolor and three C. sieboldii, and fourteen variants were obtained from their habitat, Jeju-do in Korea. The flowers of C. discolor were brownish red, the values of Commission Internationale de I'Eclairage (CIE) Lab were between 40 and 50. The flowers of C. sieboldii were yellowish, the values of CIE Lab were between 110 and 130. The variants had various mixed colors that were thought to have originated from natural hybridization between C. discolor and C. sieboldii, and the values of CIE Lab were between 50 and 70. The colors of the lips were usually divided into white and yellow. C. discolor had a white lip, C. sieboldii had a yellow one, and the variants had a white to yellow one. The CIE Lab value of each color was 90 in white and 110 to 120 in yellow lips. A molecular linkage mapping was constructed based on the segregation of 154 RAPD markers using a MAPL program. Sixteen linkage groups containing 66 markers were established. It covered a total map distance of 220.4 cM. The distance between adjacent markers ranged from 0 to 6.6 cM, with an average distance of 3.3 cM. These markers are thought to be closely associated with flower and lip color expression. Among the 16 molecular linkage groups, 3 QTLs had flower color trait loci and 1 QTL had lip color trait loci.

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이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (2)

  1. 2010. "" Journal of plant biology = 식물학회지, 53(1): 24~31 
  2. Srikanth, Krishnamoorthy ; Koo, Ja Choon ; Ku, Jajung ; Choi, Kyung ; Park, Kwang-Woo ; So, Soonku ; Choi, Yong-Gook ; Whang, Sung Soo 2012. "Taxonomy of Korean Calanthe species and few of its mutants based on AFLP data" 식물분류학회지 = Korean journal of plant taxonomy, 42(3): 215~221 

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