본 연구는 하이라인 브라운 실용 산란계(20주령)를 이용하여 대조군 및 항산화원으로 가시오갈피잎 및 두충잎을 각각 사료 급여량 대비 0.5%와 1.0%를 첨가하여 모두 5군을 설정하여 산란초기에 10주 동안 사양하여 혈액내 항산화력 및 체조직의 항산화 작용에 미치는 영향을 비교 분석하였다. 항산화 생리 활성 물질의 급여(가시오갈피, 두충) 및 처리 수준(0.5%:1.0%)간에 체중 및 증체량의 변화는 없었다. 한편, 혈액내 항산화력은 식물성 항산화 물질 급여군에서 전체 항산화력(TAS)이 유의적으로(P<0.05) 증가하였으며, 특히 두충급여군에서높게(P<0.05) 나타났다. 소장상피세포내의GST의 활성도는 대조군보다 두충의 첨가 급여군에서 유의적으로 높게 나타났다(P<0.05). 체 조직에서 항산화 작용을 살펴보면, 먼저 소장 SOD 활성도는 가시오갈피 0.5% 첨가군과 두충 0.5% 첨가군이 대조군보다 유의적으로(P<0.05) 높게 나타났다. 간 조직내 항산화 효소의 활성도를 조사한 결과, 대조군과 가시오갈피 첨가군 간에는 특이적 변화가 없는 것으로 관찰되었다. 결론적으로 산란 초기에 가시오갈피와 두충잎 분말의 급여는 혈액내 항산화력 증진과 소장 점막 조직의 항산화 방어기능에 긍정적 영향을 미치는 것으로 사료된다. 본 실험에서 항산력 및 경제성 등을 고려할 경우 0.5% 수준의 식물성 항산화 물질의 급여가 동물체의 건강 증진으로 체내 항상성 유지에 가장 유리하게 적용될 수 있을 것으로 사료된다.
To investigate the effect of dietary supplementation of Acanthopanax senticosus (AS) and Eucommia ulmoides (EU) on antioxidant defense system in laying hens, a total of three hundreds sixty 20-wk old Hyline brown commercial laying hens were assigned to five dietary groups for 10-wk: (1) control diet, (2) control diet supplemented with AS at 0.5%, (3) control diet supplemented with AS at 1.0%, (4) control diet supplemented with EU at 0.5% and (5) control diet supplemented with EU at 1.0%. Total antioxidant status (TAS) in blood and antioxidant enzymes including superoxide dismutase (SOD), gluthathione -S- transferase (GST) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), and lipid peroxidation in the small intestine and liver were measured. There were no changes in body weight for 10-wk dietary treatment. TAS in blood significantly (P<0.05) increased in birds fed the diet supplemented with 1% AS and 0.5 and 1.0% EU compared with those fed control diet. Especially, dietary EU showed much higher (P<0.05) TAS compared with AS. In the antioxidant defense enzymes, GST activity of the small intestine was shown to be significantly (P<0.05) increased in birds fed the diets supplemented with 0.5 and 1.0% EU compared with those fed the control diet. In addition, intestinal SOD activity significantly (P<0.05) increased in birds fed the diets supplemented with 0.5% of AS and EU. However, we could not observe any significant dietary treatment effect of those antioxidant parameters in the liver. In conclusion, dietary supplementation of 0.5% AS and EU in a laying hen diet could be applied as a potential antioxidant source to improves bio-activity of antioxidant and economical aspect in laying hens.
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