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초록

목 적 : 소아와 청소년기에 골수이식을 받은 환자들은 여러 가지 조기 또는 후기 합병증이 발생할 수 있다. 본 연구에서는 이식 후 발생할 수 있는 내분비 기능 부전에 대해 분석하여 이식 후 추적 관리에 도움이 되고자 하였다. 방 법 : 골수이식을 받은 100명(남자 61명, 여자 39명)의 환자들을 대상으로 진단명, 이식 당시 연령, 전처치 방법, 만성 이식편대 숙주병 유무, 성장 패턴, 갑상샘 기능, 사춘기 발달 상태 등을 후향적으로 조사하여 내분비 기능 부전과 관련이 있는 위험 인자가 있는지 분석하였다. 결 과 : 이식 당시, 이식 1년후, 최종 내원시의 신장 표준편차 점수는 각각 $0.08{\pm}1.04$, $-0.09{\pm}1.02$, $-0.27{\pm}1.18$로 의미있게 감소하였다(P =0.001). 전처치로 TBI를 받은 경우 TBI를 받지 않은 군에 비하여 이식 전보다 신장 표준편차 점수가 더 많이 감소하였다(P =0.017). TBI를 시행한 환자 중 1명에서 성장 호르몬 결핍을 보였다. 갑상샘 기능 검사를 시행한 94명 중 30명(31.9%)이 보상성 갑상샘저하증이었고 만성 이식편대 숙주병이 있었던 환자에서 보상성 갑상샘저하증의 빈도가 높았다(odds ratio=2.82, P =0.025). 최종 내원 시 만 14세 이상 남자 17명, 만 13세 이상 여자 15명 중에서 비정상적인 LH 또는 FSH의 상승을 보인 경우는 남자 3명, 여자 13명으로 여아가 의미 있게 많았다(odds ratio=30.3, P =0.001). 결 론 : 소아나 청소년기에 골수이식을 받은 환자에서 가장 흔한 내분비 기능 이상은 난소 기능 부전이며 그 외 높은 빈도의 내분비 기능 이상을 보이므로 정기적인 내분비 기능 검사가 필요하다.

Abstract

Purpose : Several complications can occur in patients who received bone marrow transplantation (BMT) during childhood and adolescence. This study aims to investigate endocrine dysfunctions after BMT so that better care can be provided to care for long-term survivors of BMT. Methods : One hundred patients (61 males, 39 females) were included in this study. Clinical parameters such as initial diagnosis, age at BMT, conditioning regimen, presence of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), growth pattern, thyroid function, and pubertal status were retrospectively reviewed to evaluate risk factors associated with endocrine dysfunction. Results : Height standard deviation score (SDS) at BMT, after 1 year of BMT, and at the last visit were $0.08{\pm}1.04$, $-0.09{\pm}1.02$, and $-0.27{\pm}1.18$, respectively (P =0.001). Height SDS significantly decreased in patients who received total body irradiation (TBI) (P =0.017). One of the patients who received TBI demonstrated growth hormone deficiency. Thirty (31.9%) of 94 patients had compensated hypothyroidism. Incidence of compensated hypothyroidism was higher among those who had GVHD (odds ratio 2.82, P =0.025). Of the 32 patients (17 males, 15 females) who were over 14 years in male and 13 years in female at the last visit, 16 (3 males, 13 females) had increased luteinizing hormone (LH) or follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH). Abnormal elevation of LH or FSH was more common in females (odds ratio 30.3, P =0.001). Conclusion : The most common endocrine dysfunction was ovarian insufficiency. Regular check-up for endocrine function needs to be required due to high incidence of endocrine dysfunction in patients with BMT.

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