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논문 상세정보

유해 남조세균 Microcystis aeruginosa의 16S rRNA 및 rpoB 유전자 염기서열 변이 분석

Divergence Analysis of 16S rRNA and rpoB Gene Sequences Revealed from the Harmful Cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa

초록

남조세균 Microcystis (Cyanobacteria, Chroococcales)는 담수 녹조원인 생물의 하나로써 일부 종은 microcystin이라는 간 독소를 분비한다. 따라서 담수 수질관리 및 보건위생 측면에서 이들에 대한 관리가 필요하다. 본 연구는 Microcystis 분자 검출을 위한 신규 마커로 RNA polymerase beta subunit (rpoB) 유전자 염기서열을 분석하여 이들의 분자적 특성을 규명하였다. Microcystis rpoB 유전자는 16S rRNA보다 염기 유사도와 유전거리에서 큰 변이가 있는 것으로 조사되었으며, 통계적으로 유의한 차이를 보였다(Student t-test, p<0.05). Parsimony 분석을 통해 rpoB 유전자가 16S rRNA 유전자보다 2배 이상 빠르게 진화하는 것으로 파악되었다. 또한 rpoB 유전자 phylogeny 분석에서 16S rRNA tree 보다 M. aeruginosa 균주를 명확하게 구분해 주었다. Microcystis가 속하는 Chroococcales 목은 염색체 안에 2개 정도의 rRNA 오페론이 있고 rpoB 유전자는 1개 있는 것으로 조사되었다. 본 연구결과는 rpoB 유전자가 Microcystis의 분자계통분류 및 분자검출 마커로 유용하다는 것을 제시해 준다.

Abstract

Microcystis (Cyanobacteria, Chroococcales) is one of the green tide-causing organisms in freshwaters, and some species produce microcystin that is hepatotoxin. In the aspects of freshwater quality controls and health concerns, therefore it is necessary to manage the harmful organisms. In the present study, RNA polymerase beta subunit (rpoB) gene sequences of Microcystis were determined and characterized in order to use a potential marker for the molecular detections of the species. Microcystis rpoB showed high divergences of DNA similarity and genetic distances when compared with those of 16S rRNA, and the molecular differences were statistically significant (Student t-test, p<0.05). Parsimony analyses showed the rpoB gene evolves more than 2-fold faster than 16S rRNA. In addition, phylogeny of the rpoB gene separated each M. aeruginosa strain more clearly compared with a 16S rRNA tree. This study found that the order Chroococcales, including Microcystis, has approximately two rRNA operons and single copy of the rpoB gene in their chromosomes. These results suggest that the rpoB gene is a useful marker for the molecular phylogenetics and the detection of Microcystis.

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이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (2)

  1. Cheon, Ju-Yong ; Lee, Min-Ah ; Ki, Jang-Seu 2011. "Analysis of RNA Polymerase Beta Subunit (rpoB) Gene Sequences for the Discrimination of Cyanobacteria Anabaena Species" Korean journal of microbiology = 미생물학회지, 47(3): 268~274 
  2. Cheon, Ju-Yong ; Lee, Min-Ah ; Ki, Jang-Seu 2012. "Molecular Divergences of 16S rRNA and rpoB Gene in Marine Isolates of the Order Oscillatoriales (Cyanobacteria)" Korean journal of microbiology = 미생물학회지, 48(4): 319~324 

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