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논문 상세정보

체중조절 프로그램이 중년기 비만여성의 식습관 및 혈액성분에 미치는 영향

Effects of Weight Control Program on Dietary Habits and Blood Composition in Obese Middle-Aged Women

초록

본 연구에서는 12주간 중년 비만여성을 대상으로 체중조절 프로그램 (영양교육 및 상담, 운동요법)을 실시하여 식습관, 혈액성분, 체성분의 변화를 살펴보고자 하였다. 영양 교육실시 후 식습관에서는 식사의 규칙성, 간식섭취횟수, 외식횟수 및 식사속도 등이 긍정적으로 개선되었다. 혈액지질 성분과 혈압에서는 총콜레스테롤, 중성지방, LDL-콜레스테롤, 수축기 혈압이 유의적으로 감소하였으며, 동맥경화지수와 이완기 혈압도 유의적인 차이는 없었지만 감소하였다. 비만지표인 BMI와 WHR (허리-엉덩이 둘레비)이 유의적으로 감소되어 체중이 감량됨을 알 수 있었고 체지방률, 지방량도 유의적으로 감소되었으며, 근육량은 유의적인 차이는 없었지만 약간의 증가를 가져와서 장기적으로 체성분의 긍정적인 변화를 기대할 수 있었다. 이상의 결과를 미루어 효율적인 비만관리를 위해서는 획일적인 방법보다는 대상자들의 특성을 고려하여 식행동 개선에 초점을 맞춘 영양교육 및 상담과 아울러 운동요법을 병행하여관리가 이루어져야 할 것으로 생각된다. 그러기 위해서는 각 영역의 전문가들의 긴밀한 협조와 노력으로 실질적인 건강향상을 위한 체계적인 비만관리 프로그램이 이루어져 비만을 예방하고 건강지표 향상을 가져와 국민건강 증진에 도움이 될 것으로 본다.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of weight control program on dietary habits and blood composition in obese middle-aged women. The program consisted of nutrition education, physical exercise and nutrition counseling was conducted for 12 weeks. Participants of the preliminary study were 255 obese women, among which 82 women participated in the nutrition education program. We evaluated the anthropometry, blood lipid profiles, dietary habits of obese women before and after the nutrition education. Dietary habits of the subjects were significantly improved in regularity of having breakfast (p < .05), the frequency of eating snack after dinner (p < .001), eating out (p < .01) and the speed of meal (p < .05) after the program. There was significant decrease in total cholesterol, triglyceride, LDL-cholesterol and systolic pressure of the subjects after nutrition education. Changes of atherogenic index and diastolic pressure were not significant, but had a tendency to decrease. All of the anthropometric outcomes except lean body mass such as BMI, percent body fat, fat mass, and WHR were significantly decreased after weight control program. These findings show that weight control program including nutrition education and counseling can improve dietary habits and weight control pattern, and lead the authors to recommend that public health organizations and dietetic professionals should educate obese women on practical strategies for an effective weight management.

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이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (14)

  1. Kwon, Soon-Suk 2010. "A study of the health related habits of dental technicians" 대한치과기공학회지 = The Journal of Korean academy of dental technology, 32(4): 369~386 
  2. Oh, Hyun-Kyung ; Lim, Hyeon-Sook 2011. "Effects of Hamburger Patties Added Sea Tangle (Laminaria japonica) Powder and/or Cooked Rice on Postprandial Blood Glucose and Lipid Levels" 한국식품영양과학회지 = Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, 40(6): 809~817 
  3. Lee, Jong-Bin ; Youn, Sung-Sik ; Cho, Chung-Sik ; Kim, Chul-Jung 2011. "The Effects of Zymolysis-Dietotherapy with Herbal medicine on Obesity in Sasang Constitution" 論文集 : 大田大學校 韓醫學硏究所. 韓醫學編, 19(2): 179~186 
  4. Park, Jiyoun ; Kim, Hyekyeong ; Cho, Seon ; Cho, Han-Ik 2012. "The Effects of "Healthy Life Plan" Program on the Management of Obesity for Korean Adults: A Pilot Study" 保健敎育健康增進學會誌 = Korean journal of health education and promotion, 29(5): 89~101 
  5. Lee, Soo-Jung ; Kim, Won-Il 2012. "A Clinical Study about the Effects of oriental medical therapy on obesity and different effects between groups" 韓方眼耳鼻咽喉皮膚科學會誌 = The journal of Korean Medicine Ophthalmology & Otolaryngology & Dermatology, 25(3): 97~112 
  6. Park, Kyoung-Sun ; Kim, Jin-Woo ; Jo, Jun-Young ; Lee, Jin-Moo 2012. "A Study on Quality of Life of Overweight and Obese Women Using SF-36" 한방비만학회지 = Journal of Korean Medicine for Obesity Research, 12(1): 1~8 
  7. Kim, Hye-Kyung ; Kim, Jin-Hee ; Jung, Hyun-Kyung 2012. "A comparison of health related habits, nutrition knowledge, dietary habits, and blood composition according to gender and weight status of college students in Ulsan" 韓國營養學會誌 = The Korean journal of nutrition., 45(4): 336~346 
  8. Park, Heejung ; Cho, Seongkyung ; Koo, Jea Ok 2013. "Effect of a Diet Program for Adult Women on Body Weight Loss and Health Related Indices" 대한지역사회영양학회지 = Korean journal of community nutrition, 18(6): 599~610 
  9. Park, Won Hyung ; Sun, Seung Ho ; Cha, Yun Yeop 2013. "Eficacy and Sfety Human Study of the Ethanol Extracts from Lythrum Salicaria L. and Aceriphyllum Rossii for Reducing Body Fat Percentage of Korean Adult" 동의생리병리학회지 = Journal of physiology & pathology in Korean Medicine, 27(6): 832~841 
  10. Kim, Young-Me ; Wie, Seoung-Uk 2013. "The Effects of 12-weeks health education and exercise program on body composition, bone density, blood lipid, and health behavior among Middle-aged and Aged Women in rural areas" 한국산학기술학회논문지 = Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, 14(4): 1737~1746 
  11. Kim, Sung Jin ; Lee, Hyun Jong ; Lee, Bong Hyo ; Lee, Yun Kyu ; Lim, Seong Chul ; Jung, Tae Young ; Kim, Jae Soo 2013. "The Effects of Pharmacopuncture(Eugenia caryophyllata $T_{HUNB.}$) on the High Fat Diet-induced Obese ICR Mice" The acupuncture = 대한침구의학회지, 30(3): 75~85 
  12. Yim, Jung-Eun ; Kim, Young-Seol ; Choue, Ryowon 2013. "Effects of age on changes of body composition through caloric restriction in overweight and obese women" Journal of nutrition and health, 46(5): 410~417 
  13. Kim, Young-Suk ; On, Jeong-Ja ; Hong, Yang-Hee ; Hong, In-Sun ; Chang, Un-Jae 2014. "Effect of Food Consumption Monitoring Using a Smartphone on Weight Changes in Obese Women" 대한영양사협회 학술지 = Journal of the Korean dietetic association, 20(2): 123~132 
  14. Hong, Yang Hee ; Kim, Young Suk ; Kwon, Hyun Jung ; Chang, Do Seok ; Kim, Dong Geon ; Chang, Un Jae 2015. "Influence of the Size of the Spoon on the Eating rate, Energy Intake and the Satiety Levels of Female College Students" 대한지역사회영양학회지 = Korean journal of community nutrition, 20(5): 375~382 

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