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논문 상세정보

첨가 당의 종류가 참외의 알코올발효에 미치는 영향

Effects of Sugars Addition in Alcohol Fermentation of Oriental Melon

초록

본 연구에서는 보당의 종류에 따른 참외의 알코올발효에 미치는 영향을 조사하였다. 그 결과 보당 종류에 따른 pH의 변화는 보당 종류 및 발효기간에 따른 큰 차이를 보이지 않았다. 총산도는 발효가 진행될수록 모두 증가하는 경향으로 나타났으며 발효 9일째 약 1.4%로 나타났다. 당도는 초기 $22^{\circ}Brix$에서 설탕, 과당 및 포도당 보당 참외 알코올발효액에서는 $6.6{\sim}6.8^{\circ}Brix$로 비슷하였으나 꿀과 프락토올리고당 보당 참외 알코올발효액에서는 발효 9일째 $8.1^{\circ}Brix$로 조금 높게 나타났다. 유리당 함량은 보당 종류에 따라 sucrose, fructose 및 glucose의 초기 함량차이를 보였지만 발효가 진행될수록 감소하여 발효 9일째 대부분 검출되지 않았다. 유기산은 모든 구간에서 lactic 및 acetic acid가 검출되었으며 발효기간이 경과됨에 따라 lactic 및 acetic acid의 함량이 조금씩 증가하였다. 알코올 함량은 설탕 보당 참외 알코올발효액에서 12.80%로 가장 높았으며 과당과 올리고당에서는 비교적 낮은 경향으로 나타났다. 알코올 성분 중 acetaldehyde, n-propanol 및 iso-amylalcohol 함량은 보당종류에 따른 큰 차이는 없었으며, methanol의 함량은 과당에서 84.99 ppm으로 가장 낮게 나타났다.

Abstract

This study investigated effects of types of added sugar on alcohol fermentation of oriental melon. According to the results, pH was not significantly different according to types of added sugar and fermentation process. Total acidity increased with fermentation process in all groups by recording around 1.4% at the ninth day of fermentation. For sugar content, its initial level was $22^{\circ}Brix$, and alcohol fermented oriental melon fluids added by sucrose, fructose and glucose recorded similar levels or $6.6{\sim}6.8^{\circ}Brix$ while the fluids added by honey and fructo-oligosaccharide showed a slightly higher level or $8.1^{\circ}Brix$ at the ninth day of fermentation. Although free sugar content was different in the early phase of fermentation according to types of added sugar such as sucrose, fructose and glucose, it reduced with fermentation process to nearly non-detection at the ninth day of fermentation. As organic acids, lactic acid and acetic acid were observed in all phases of fermentation and their contents became higher gradually with fermentation process. Alcohol content showed the highest level in alcohol fermented oriental melon fluid added by sucrose by recording 12.80% and was relatively low in the fluids added by fructose and oligosaccharide. For alcohol, acetaldehyde, n-propanol and iso- amylalcohol contents were not significantly different according to types of added sugar and methanol content was the lowest in the fluid added by fructose by recording 84.99 ppm.

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이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (2)

  1. Jo, Yong-Jun ; Park, Chan-Woo ; Jang, Se-Young ; Kim, Ok-Mi ; Jeong, Yong-Jin 2011. "Characteristics of Alcohol Fermentation in Oriental Melon by Different Yeast" 한국식품저장유통학회지 = Korean journal of food preservation, 18(5): 779~785 
  2. Kim, Ok-Mi ; Park, SunIl ; Jo, Yongjun ; Jeong, Yongjin 2014. "Quality characteristics of oriental melon Makgeolli using uncooked rice by oriental melon concentrate" 한국식품저장유통학회지 = Korean journal of food preservation, 21(4): 536~543 

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