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논문 상세정보

[유산균] 프로바이오틱 유산균

[Lactic Acid Bacteria] Probiotic Lactic Acid Bacteria

초록

불가리아 사람들이 장수하는 것은 요구르트를 많이 섭취하여 유산균이 장내의 독소 생성 세균을 억제하기 때문이라고 한다. 젊을 때는 사람의 장 내용물 1 g당 100억 마리 이상의 $Bifidobacterium$이 살지만 노쇠하거나 병들면서 줄어들고 $Clostridium$ 등의 유해균이 많아진다. 그래서 인공적으로 장내의 비피도박테리움을 증가시키면 유해세균이 억제되어 건강하고 장수한다고 한다. 이를 위하여 섭취하는 미생물을 probiotic 미생물이라고 하며, 주로 유산균이 사용된다. 프로바이오틱 미생물은 항생제와 같이 유해균을 죽이는 것이 아니라 유해균과 공생하면서 유해균을 억제하여 건강을 증진, 즉 숙주(사람)를 증생(增生)시킨다. 그래서 유산균을 주체로 하는 프로바이오틱 미생물과 그 제품은 변비, 설사, 장염, 혈중 콜레스테롤, 암 등을 예방 내지 치료하고 정장(淨腸) 작용으로 건강을 향상시킨다고 하여 시장이 계속 확대되고 있다. 그러나 국내 프로바이오틱스 제품은 종균을 대부분(90%) 수입하여 사용하므로 한국인의 체질에 적합하지 않을 가능성이 있다. 그래서 E사는 자체 개발한 미생물로 제품을 생산하고 있다. 본 논문에서는 유산균을 주체로 하는 프로바이오틱 미생물과 제품의 효과와 특성, 종류, 시장 등 전반적인 면을 살펴 보았다.

Abstract

It is said that the reason Bulgarians enjoy longevity is that they have a lot of yogurt, whose $Lactobacillus$ controls intestinal poison-producing germs. In young individuals, the number of bifidobacteria exceeds 10 billion per 1 g of intestinal content, but this number decreases for older or senile individuals, who have a larger number of harmful microorganisms such as $Clostridium$. In addition, it is well known that artificially increasing intestinal bifidobacteria can help control harmful microorganisms and thus facilitate a healthier and longer life. The microorganisms used for artificial spawn are referred to as probiotic microorganisms, and in general, lactic acid bacteria(LAB) are used. Unlike antibiotics, which kill harmful microorganisms, probiotic microorganisms coexist with and control them, while improving the health of the individual, that is, they can improve and invigorate host cells. Because probiotic microorganisms and its products based on LAB are known to help prevent and treat constipation, diarrhea, intestinal inflammation, and blood cholesterol and generally improve health through the purification of intestines, its market has been continuously expanding. Korea imports approximately 90% of spawn and uses them. It is likely that they are not appropriate for Korean's physical condition. Thus, considering this problem into account, Entecbio, a biotech firm in Korea, has produced various products by using its proprietary microorganisms. In this paper, the effects, characteristics, and kinds of products from based on proprietary microorganisms, with its prospect for market, etc., are generally examined.

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