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논문 상세정보

초록

본 연구에서는 제주마 육성 및 산업화에 있어 성공적인 인공수정을 위한 안정적인 제주마의 동결정액 제조법을 수립하는 데 있어 제주마 동결정액의 제조시 동결보호제로서 glycerol과 ethylene glycol의 사용이 동결-융해 후 정자의 운동성, 생존율, 정자막 온전성 그리고 정자의 첨체막 온전성 등에 미치는 영향을 알아보고자 실시하였다. 제주마 정액의 동결 시 5% glycerol, 5% ethylene glycol, 8% glycerol 그리고 8% ethylene glycol을 사용하였으며, 동결 융해 후 정자의 운동성, 생존율, 정자막 온전성 그리고 첨체의 변화를 측정하였다. 동결 융해 후 정자의 운동성에 있어 실험구 사이의 유의적 차이는 나타나지 않았다. 그러나 생존율에 있어 8% glycerol을 처리하였을 때 가장 높은 생존율 ($39.85%{\pm}11.41$)을 나타냈으나, 5% glycerol 처리구 ($18.08%{\pm}1.61$)와의 비교에서만 유의적 차이를 나타냈다 (p<0.05). 정자막 온전성에 있어서도 8% glycerol 처리구만이 $34.13%{\pm}11.02$로 모든 처리구에 비하여 유의적으로 높은 정자막 온전성을 나타냈다(p<0.05). 동결 융해 후 정자의 첨체막 변화에 있어 8%의 ethylene glycol을 처리시 5% glycerol과 5%의 ethylene glycol을 처리한 실험구보다 유의적으로 높은 F pattern의 비율을 나타냈다. B pattern의 비율은 5% ethylene glycol 처리시 8% glycerol과 8% ethylene glycol 처리구보다 유의적으로 증가하였다. 8% ethylene glycol 처리구에서 유의적으로 낮은 수준의 AR pattern 비율을 나타냈다 (p<0.05). 본 연구의 결과는 현재 확립되지 않은 제주마의 동결정액 제조 과정에 있어 보다 유용한 정보를 제공할 것으로 판단된다.

Abstract

Cryopreservation induces sublethal damage to the spermatozoa, which leads to their reduced fertile life. This study was designed to determine effect of glycerol and ethylene glycol as cryoprotectant in extender on improve the freezability of Jeju horse semen. The semen was cryopreserved with glucose-EDTA extender containing each 5% glycerol, 5% ethylene glycol, 8% glycerol or 8% ethylene glycol, respectively. Post-thawed sperm were evaluated motility, viability, Membrane integrity and acrosome integrity. Post-thawed sperm motility were not significantly differences among treatments. However, sperm viability were significantly higher (p<0.05) in 8% glycerol ($39.85%{\pm}11.41$) than in 5% glycerol treatment ($18.08%{\pm}1.61$). In membrane integrity, swelling sperm ratio was significantly higher (p<0.05) in 8% glycerol ($34.12%{\pm}11.02$) than other treatments. In the percentage of capacitated sperm assessed by CTC staining, F pattern was significantly higher in 8% ethylene glycol than 5% glycerol and 5% ethylene glycol (p<0.05). B pattern ratio was significantly increased in 5% ethylene glycol compared with 8% glcerol and 8% ethylene glycol (p<0.05). Moreover, 8% ethylene glycol treatment was significantly decreased AR pattern ratio compared with other treatments (p<0.05). It is concluded that treatment of 8% glycerol was improved the sperm viability and 8% ethylene glycol was improved the sperm ascrosome integrity after thawing. However, they were not significantly difference between 8% glycerol and 8% ethylene glycol on post-thawed sperm viability. Therefore, 8% ethylene glycol was more effective sperm cryoprotectant than 8% glycerol in Jeju Horse.

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