본 연구는 항균 활성을 지니는 식물추출물을 찾고 화장품에서 방부제로서 적용하기 위해 진행되었다. 디스크 확산법(disk diffusion method)을 통해 3가지 식물 추출물, 함박꽃나무(천녀목란, Magnolia sieboldii), 오배자(Rhus chinensis), 메타세콰이어(Metasequioa glyptostroboides)가 항균활성을 지니고 있음을 확인하였다. 세 물질의 최소저해농도(MIC)를 측정한 결과 메타세콰이어는 0.3 ~ 0.35 %, 함박꽃나무는 0.35 ~ 0.4 % 농도에서 곰팡이의 생장을 억제하고 오배자는 0.45 ~ 0.5 % 농도에서 세균의 생장을 억제함을 확인하였다. 또한 추출물 내의 항균 활성을 지니는 성분을 분리하여 분석한 결과 메타세콰이어에서 분리한 caryophyllene oxide와 caryophyllene, 함박꽃나무에서 분리한 costunolide와 dehydrocostus lactone, 오배자에서 분리한 ethyl gallate, ethyl-3-gallate 등이 항균활성을 지닌 물질임을 확인하였다. O/W 에멀션 제형에서 식물 추출물을 넣고 방부력을 확인한 결과 혼합사용 시 세균과 곰팡이 모두에 대한 방부효과 가 있음을 확인하였다. 따라서 함박꽃나무, 오배자, 메타세콰이어 추출물의 혼합물은 기존의 화학 방부제를 대체할 천연 방부제로서 화장품에서 응용할 수 있을 것으로 기대된다.
This study is focused on finding new natural materials that have antimicrobial activity. We found that 3 plants extracts, Magnolia sieboldii K. Koch (M. sieboldii K. Koch), Rhus chinensis (R. chinensis) and Metasequioa glyptostroboides (M. glyptostroboides), have antimicrobial activities by disk diffusion method. We determined the Minimum Inhibitory Concentation (MIC) of each and found that 0.3 ~ 0.35 % of M. glyptostroboides essential oil and 0.35 ~ 0.4 % of M. sieboldii K. Koch extracts inhibited fungal growth and 0.45 ~ 0.5 % of R. chinensis extracts inhibited bacterial growth. We isolated compounds from extracts and verified what have antimicrobial activity. As a result we found that caryophyllene oxide and caryophyllene isolated from M. glyptostroboides, costunolide and dehydrocostus lactone from M. sieboldii K. Koch and ethyl gallate, ethyl-3-gallate from R. chinensis have antimicrobial activities. In accordance with antimicrobial activity, O/W cosmetic emulsion containing mixture of 3 plants extracts showed preservative efficacy against both bacteria and fungi. Based on the above data we suggest that extracts from M. siebodii K. Koch, R. chinensis, and M. glyptostroboides, replace chemical synthetic preservatives and be applied as a natural preservative.
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