강원도 고성 뒤배재 현무암은 산출상태, 구성광물, 주성분원소 및 미량원소의 특징에 의해 하부 현무암과 상부 현무암으로 구분된다. 하부 현무암은 집괴암의 특징을 보이고, 맨틀 및 지각기원의 포획암과 감람석, 휘석, 사장석 포획광물이 있다. 상부 현무암은 주상절리로 산출되며, 맨틀 포획암이 상대적으로 더 많고, 포획광물로는 감람석이 우세하다. 현무암의 주성분원소 및 미량원소 분석 결과 상부 현무암은 하부 현무암에 비하여 초생 마그마에 가까운 조성을 보인다. 원시맨틀로 표준화한 미량원소 및 희토류원소의 부화 및 결핍 패턴은 두 현무암이 매우 유사하나, 하부 현무암이 상부 현무암 보다 LREE의 부화 정도가 더 크다. 뒤배재 화산체의 하부 현무암은 약 0.8-1.2%, 상부 현무암은 약 3.7-4.0%의 동일한 맨틀 물질인 석류석 페리도타이트의 배취 용융으로 형성되었다. 그리고 하부 현무암내의 포획된 화강암, 포획광물의 반응연 및 사장석, 석영 등의 포획광물은 하부 현무암을 형성한 마그마와 지각물질과의 동화 가능성을 지시한다.
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