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논문 상세정보

가르시니아 캄보지아 추출물의 지방세포 분화 및 지방 독성에 미치는 영향

Effects of Garcinia cambogia Extract on the Adipogenic Differentiation and Lipotoxicity

초록

본 연구는 가르시니아 캄보지아의 항비만 효과의 분자기전을 알아보기 위하여 지방전구세포인 3T3-L1세포의 지방세포로의 분화 시, 가르시니아 캄보지아 추출물을 처리하여 세포 내 지질 적의 형성 및 중성지방의 축적, 지방 분화 특이 지표 단백질의 발현에 미치는 영향에 대하여 살펴보았다. 3T3-L1세포의 지방 세포로의 분화는 MDI로 유도 후, 2일째부터 지방 적 및 중성 지방이 유의하게 축적되기 시작하였는데, 1% 가르시니아 캄보지아 추출물을 동시에 처리한 세포에서 이러한 지방 적 및 중성 지방의 축적이 유의하게 억제되는 것을 실험을 통해 확인할 수 있었다. 또한 지방세포 분화 특이 지표 단백질로 알려진 $PPAR{\gamma}2$, $C/EBP{\alpha}$, aP2와 같은 단백질의 발현 또한 가르시니아 캄보지아 추출물이 효과적으로 억제하고 있음도 확인할 수 있었다. 한편, 가르시니아 캄보지아 추출물은 palmitate를 처리한 HepG2 세포에서 중성지방의 축적 및 세포사멸을 유의하게 억제함으로써 유리 지방산의 축적에 의한 지속적인 염증 반응으로 유발되는 지방독성(lipotoxicity)을 억제하는 효과가 있음을 확인할 수 있었다. 이러한 결과들은 가르시니아 캄보지아 추출물이 세포 수준에서 비교적 낮은 농도로도 효과적으로 비만을 억제할 수 있으며, 기존에 알려지지 않았던 유리지방산에 의한 지방독성을 억제하는 효과가 있음을 본 연구에서 확인할 수 있었다.

Abstract

This study aimed to examine the mechanisms underlying the effects of Garcinia cambogia extract on the adipogenic differentiation of 3T3-L1 cells and long-chain saturated fatty acid-induced lipotoxicity of HepG2 cells. 3T3-L1 preadipocytes, mouse embryonic fibroblast-adipose like cell line, were treated with MDI solution (0.5 mM IBMX, 1 ${\mu}M$ dexamethasone, 10 ${\mu}g/mL$ insulin) to generate a cellular model of adipocyte differentiation. Using this cellular model, the anti-obesity effect of Garcinia cambogia extract was evaluated. MDI-induced lipid accumulation and expression of adipogenesis-related genes were detected by Oil red O staining, Nile Red staining, and Western blot analysis. Effects Garcinia cambogia extract on palmitate-induced lipotoxicity was also analyzed by MTT assay, LDH release, and DAPI staining in HepG2 cells. Garcinia cambogia extract significantly suppressed the adipogenic differentiation of preadipocytes and intracellular lipid accumulation in the differentiating adipocytes. Garcinia cambogia extract also markedly inhibited the expression of peroxisome proliferator- activated receptor ${\gamma}2$ ($PPAR{\gamma}2$), CCAT/enhancer-binding protein ${\alpha}$ ($C/EBP{\alpha}$), and adipocyte protein aP2 (aP2). In addition, Garcinia cambogia extract significantly attenuated palmitate-induced lipotoxicity in HepG2 cells. Palmitateinduced cellular damage and reactive aldehydes were also significantly reduced in the presence of Garcinia cambogia extract. These findings suggest that the Garcinia cambogia extract inhibits the adipogenic differentiation of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes, probably by regulating the expression of multiple genes associated with adipogenesis such as $PPAR{\gamma}2$, $C/EBP{\alpha}$, aP2, and thereby modulating fatty acid-induced lipotoxicity to reduce cellular injury in hepatocytes.

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  2. Kim, Tae Woo ; Kim, Kyoung Kon ; Kang, Yun Hwan ; Kim, Dae Jung ; Choe, Myeon 2014. "Fatty acid analysis and regulatory effects of citron (Citrus junos Sieb. ex TANAKA) seed oil on nitric oxide production, lipid accumulation, and leptin secretion" Journal of nutrition and health, 47(4): 221~228 
  3. Kim, Kyoung Kon ; Kang, Yun Hwan ; Kim, Dae Jung ; Kim, Tae Woo ; Choe, Myeon 2014. "Analysis of Pine Nut Oil Composition and Its Effects on Obesity" 한국식품과학회지 = Korean journal of food science and technology, 46(5): 630~635 

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