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논문 상세정보

흡연 청소년을 위한 금연동기화 프로그램의 효과

Effect of a Smoking Cessation Motivational Program for Adolescents

Child health nursing research : CHNR v.19 no.2 , 2013년, pp.130 - 139  
초록

목적 본 연구는 방향-에너지 모델과 내 외동기화 모델에 근거하여 흡연하는 청소년들을 위한 금연동기화 프로그램을 개발하고 프로그램이 대상자들의 흡연유혹과 내재적 금연동기, 금연변화단계와 금연율을 변화시키는지 파악하고자 실시된 비동등성 대조군 전후 설계(nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design)이다. 방법 프로그램 개발은 엘리스(Ewles)와 심네트(Simnett)의 보건교육 모델에 기초를 두고 진행되었으며 현직교사들을 대상으로 한 요구도 조사와 흡연청소년들로부터 타당도를 검증받아 총 8회기로 구성된 금연동기화 프로그램을 개발하였다. 프로그램은 교사용 책자와 학생용 워크북의 형태로 나누어 제작하였고 각 회기당 필요한 준비물품을 세트(package)형식으로 공급하였다. 실험중재는 총 8회기를 첫2주는 주2회, 3주-6주는 주1회, 매회기 50-60분 동안 6주에 걸쳐 학교에서 마련한 별도의 교실에서 전문 강사에 의해 진행되었다. 결과 연구결과 본 프로그램은 대상자들의 금연단계와 금연율을 변화시켰으며 흡연청소년들의 흡연유혹을 감소시키고 금연을 위한 내재동기를 증진시켜 금연으로 행동을 변화시키는데 기여할 수 있는 효과적인 프로그램임을 확인할 수 있었다. 결론 추후 금연동기화 프로그램 참여 후 금연교육 프로그램에 참여한 대상자들의 금연성공률을 확인할 필요가 있으며 본 연구결과를 토대로 다양한 종류의 청소년 위험행동들을 변화시키기 위한 동기화 프로그램을 개발시킬 수 있겠다.

Abstract

Purpose: In this study an examination was done of the effects of a adolescent smoking cessation motivational program on smoking temptation, internal motivation, stage of smoking cessation and quit rate. The study was done with a nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design. Methods: Participants in the experimental group were adolescents who smoked and were referred to the program by their high school teachers. They participated in the smoking cessation motivational program for 60 minutes per session, once or twice a week for six weeks. Participants in the control group were selected from the same age group within the school and the program was provided after the posttest was completed. t-test, Mann-Whitney test, and ${\chi}^2$-test were used to analyze data. Results: The level of smoking temptation, internal motivation and stage of smoking cessation had significant change in comparison to the pretest whereas the control group did not exhibit these changes. Conclusion: The results of the study indicate that a smoking cessation motivational program for adolescents is an effective strategy to increase smoking cessation motivation in adolescents, and can be utilized as an effective intervention for adolescents who smoke.

저자의 다른 논문

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이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (3)

  1. Kim, Hye Kyeong ; Park, Ji Yeon ; Kwon, Eun Joo ; Choi, Seung Hee ; Cho, Han-Ik 2013. "Efficacy of Smoking Cessation and Prevention Programs by Intervention Methods: A Systematic Review of Published Studies in Korean Journals during Recent 3 Years" 保健敎育健康增進學會誌 = Korean journal of health education and promotion, 30(5): 61~77 
  2. Jeong, Goo-Churl 2014. "Influence of Smoker Image Perceived Cigarette Advertising on Intention of Adulthood Smoking Among Highschool Students" 한국콘텐츠학회논문지 = The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, 14(12): 785~795 
  3. Kang, Heesook ; Ahn, Youngmee ; Lee, Ji Eun ; Sohn, Min 2015. "School Nurses' Management for Children and Adolescents with Diabetes" CHNR : Child health nursing research, 21(2): 176~182 

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