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초록

특수 목적견(구조견, 군견, 안내견 및 탐지견)은 집중력, 소유욕, 대담성 등을 기반으로 한 훈련시험을 통해 선별된다. 최근 특수견으로서의 특수한 능력 및 품성에 대해 유전적인 정보가 중요한 인자로 다뤄지고 있다. 본 연구에서는 특수견으로서의 개의 특수한 능력 및 품성과 관련된 유전자들의 분자적인 특징을 고찰하고자 하였다. 이전 연구에서 보고된 24개의 유전자(AR, BDNF, DAT, DBH, DGCR2, DRD4, MAOA, MAOB, SLC6A4, TH, TPH2, IFT88, KCNA3, TBR2, TRKB, ACE, GNB1, MSTN, PLCL1, SLC25A22, WFIKKN2, APOE, GRIN2B, PIK3CG)를 선택하여 품성, 후각, 운동 및 학습능력 관련 유전자, 네 가지 카테고리로 분류하였다. 본 연구에서는 생물학적인 기법을 이용하여 이 유전자들의 염색체상의 위치, 유전자들 간의 네트워크를 통한 상호관계를 조사하였으며, 어떤 생물학적 기능과 관련이 있는지 Gene Ontology 분석과 데이터베이스를 기반으로 in silico 발현 양상을 살펴보았다. 또한 이전 연구를 통하여 품성 관련 유전자들의 다양한 유전적 다형성에 대한 보고를 조사하였다. 본 연구는 특수 견으로서 주요하게 고려되는 개의 고유한 능력 및 품성 관련된 유전자에 대해 분자적 특징을 제시하고 있다. 이 후보 유전자들은 개의 특수한 표현형과의 관계를 밝힐 수 있는 연구의 기초자료로서 이용될 수 있을 뿐만 아니라 핵심적인 유전인자로 응용되어 신속하고 정확한 특수견 선발에 기여할 수 있을 것으로 전망된다.

Abstract

Working dogs, such as rescue dogs, military watch dogs, guide dogs, and search dogs, are selected by in-training examination of desired traits, including concentration, possessiveness, and boldness. In recent years, genetic information has been considered to be an important factor for the outstanding abilities of working dogs. To characterize the molecular features of the canine genes related to phenotypes for working dogs, we investigated the 24 previously reported genes (AR, BDNF, DAT, DBH, DGCR2, DRD4, MAOA, MAOB, SLC6A4, TH, TPH2, IFT88, KCNA3, TBR2, TRKB, ACE, GNB1, MSTN, PLCL1, SLC25A22, WFIKKN2, APOE, GRIN2B, and PIK3CG) that were categorized to personality, olfactory sense, and athletic/learning ability. We analyzed the chromosomal location, gene-gene interactions, Gene Ontology, and expression patterns of these genes using bioinformatic tools. In addition, variable numbers of tandem repeat (VNTR) or microsatellite (MS) polymorphism in the AR, MAOA, MAOB, TH, DAT, DBH, and DRD4 genes were reviewed. Taken together, we suggest that the genetic background of the canine genes associated with various working dog behaviors and skill performance attributes could be used for proper selection of superior working dogs.

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참고문헌 (69)

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