사회적 통념상 폭력적 게임콘텐츠는 기존의 TV와 같은 수동적 시청행위보다 능동적 행위를 요구하는 게임에서 부정적 효과가 더 크다고 보고 있다. 본 연구는 폭력적 게임에 대한 시청행위와 게임행위에서 발생할 수 있는 공포, 불안, 혐오, 분노, 적대감, 우울과 같은 부정적 감정효과를 검증하기 위해 플레이테스트 실험 방법론을 통해 분석하였다. 연구 결과 폭력게임에 대한 시청행위는 혐오, 우울과 같은 내적감정이 더 강하게 나타났으며, 능동적 게임행위에서는 분노, 적대감과 같은 외적감정 상태의 부정적 감정이 강하게 나타났다. 결론적으로 두 종류의 미디어 행위는 각기 다른 성격의 부정적 감정을 경험하게 되며 따라서 폭력 게임에 대한 능동적 게임행위가 시청행위보다 특별히 부정적 감정효과가 크다고 할 수 없다는 것을 시사하고 있다.
People generally think that negative effects of violent game contents are more serious in active playing behavior than passive watching video. This research examined the negative emotions which could arise out of playing violent games as fear, anxiety, hate, state-anger, hostility, and depression and performed an experiment methodology to assess those emotion effects between playing and watching violent game. The results of this research found that the watching group of violent video game showed a stronger internal negative feeling such as hate and depression, but the playing group of violent game had a deeper state-anger and hostility as external negative feeling than watching group. This research concludes that each media delivers different negative feelings, and there is little difference in the intensity of negative effects between playing and watching violent game.
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