GMAW(Gas metal arc welding) 방법은 높은 용착률과 낮은 비용으로 인해 제조 산업분야에서 폭넓게 사용되고 있다. 이 용접방법은 제조 산업분야에서 높은 생산력을 유지하는데 바탕이 되고, 자동화 설비 또는 로봇을 이용한 용접에 적합하다. 용접전압과 전류는 용접비드에 많은 영향을 미친다. 그럼에도 불구하고 용접 전압과 전류는 용접 조건과 사용자 환경에 따라 그 변화가 심하고 예측이 불가능하다. 이 값들을 직접 용접 상태 검출에 사용할 수 없기 때문에 적절한 데이터 분석 기법이 사용되어야 한다. 본 논문에서는 용접 중에 측정된 전압과 전류 데이터에 대하여 이동평균필터를 적용하였다. 그 결과 정상용접 상태의 전압 및 전류의 신호특성과 비정상용접 상태의 전압 및 전류 신호의 특성을 구분할 수 있었으며 이를 통해 용접 상태 검출이 가능하게 되었다.
Gas metal arc welding (GMAW) is currently the most widely used arc welding processes in the industry because of its high metal deposition rate, flexibility and low cost. It is attractive for high-productivity manufacturing applications and is well suited to automatic or robotic welding. Welding voltage and current have a significant impact on the weld bead. However, welding voltage and current are changed variously according to welding condition and user environment, and prediction is impossible. To determine the welding conditions, the welding current and voltage are applied to the appropriate data analysis techniques. In this paper, we used the moving average filter to the welding voltage and current data, and normal and abnormal welding waves were distinguished.
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