Recently, coastal structures have been built to protect coastal areas. However, if a tidal wave caused by an earthquake hits the coast, it would cause catastrophic damages. It is important to analyze the basics and the characteristics of a tsunami to reduce damages caused by natural disasters. In this study, a tsunami passing over different topographical changes is simulated with VOF method based on FVM(Finite Volume Method). The reduction of both scale and velocity is accomplished by similarity analysis, and an initial energy is generated by increasing the water level as needed to create a tsunami as if it is caused by a crustal movement. It is found that the present method is appropriate to simulate the tsunami with its mechanism.
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