수소연료전지자동차(FCV)의 냉온기동, 가속, 주행성능, 수소연료충전시간, 및 항속거리 등의 기술 항목들은 2015-2020년경의 수요자요구를 충족하는 것으로 보인다. 그러나 짧은 내구성, 높은 가격 및 부족한 수소공급인프라 등은 본격적인 FCV 상용화를 위하여 극복해야 할 과제이다. 가격저감 및 내구성 향상 등 연료전지자동차의 상용화를 위하여 개발되고 있는 기술과제들을 중심으로 수소연료전지자동차의 기술동향을 분석한다.
There is a general agreement that performance of hydrogen fuel cell vehicle(FCV) with respect to cold start, packaging, acceleration, refueling time and range has progressed to the point where vehicles that could be brought to market in 2015_2020 will satisfy customer expectations. However cost, durability and the lack of refueling infrastructure remain significant barriers. Cost have been dramatically reduced and durability has been enhanced over the past decade, yet are still about twice what appears to be needed sustainable market success. Advanced Technologies for the commercialization of hydrogen FCV were reviewed.
N.M.Markovic & V.R.Stamenkovic, "Nanosegrateted Cathode Catalysts with Ultra-Low Platinum Loading", 2013 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program Review, www.hydrogen.energy.gov/pdfs/review13/fc008_markovic_2013.o.pdf
M.K.Debe, "Catalysts Working Group Kick-Off Meeting: Personnel Commentary", 2012 Annual Merit Review, DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cell and Vehicle Technology Program, May 14, 2012 http://www1.eere.energy.gov/hydrogen andfuelcells/pdfs/5_cwg_may2012_debe.pdf
R.Atanasoki, "Catalysts Degradation during Transient Condition",2nd Int'l. workshop on Degradation Issue of Fuel Cells, 21-23 Sep, 2011, Thessaloniki, Greece http://iet.jrc.ec.europa.eu/fuel-cells/sites/fuel-cells/files/files/document s/events/catalyst_degradation_during_transient_conditions_-_r.atanasoski.pdf
M.K.Debe, et al, " High voltage stability of nanostructured thin film catalysts for PEM fuelcells", Journal of Power Sources, 161(2006) 1002-1011
S.Hamrock, "3M, Membranes and MEAs for Dry, Hot Operating Conditions, DOE Hydrog en and Fuel Cell Program 2011 Annual Progr ess Report, http://www.hydrogen.energy.gov/pdfss/progress11/v_c_hamrock_2011.pdf
L.Lipp, "High Temperature Membrane with Humidification- Independent Cluster Structure", May 18, 2012 http://www.hydrogen.energy. gov/pdfs/review12/fc040_lipp_2012_o.pdf
S. Hirano, et al., "Advanced Metallic Bipolar Plate Technology for Automotive Fuel Cell Stack", 2011 Fuel Cell Seminar & Exposition, Oct.31-Nov.3, 2011 Orlando, FL USA http://www.fuelcellseminar.com/media/8859/dem24-5%20hirano.pdf
J. Imamura & Y. Tarutani, "固體高分子形燃 料電池セパレタ用ステンレ鋼箔" 新日鐵住 金技報 第396號, 111-116(2013)