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아동의 자아탄력성, 어머니의 양육태도, 가족건강성이 학교생활적응에 미치는 영향

The Effects of Children's Resilience, Mothers' Parenting Style, and Family Strength on the Children's School Adjustment

Abstract

The purpose of this study was two folded. The first was to examine relationships among children's self-resilience, their mother's parenting style, family strength and the children's school adjustment and the second was to investigate the relative effects of the three variables on the children's school adjustment. To achieve the purposes, a total of 198 5th and 6th grade children and their mothers were surveyed on children's resilience scale, parenting style scale, family strength scale, and school adjustment scale. As a results, positive relationships among the four variables were observed. Also it was founded that children's self-resilience is the most effective, mothers' parenting style is the second, and family strength is the least factor on school adjustment. From the results the researchers suggested that early intervention is needed to enhance family strength as well as intervention to improve self-resilience in order to increase the children's school adjustment.

질의응답 

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적응
학교에 적응과 부적응에 따른 아동의 상태는 어떠한가?
학교에 적응을 잘 하는 아동은 학교에 대한 감정이나 태도, 동기가 긍정적이고 대인관계, 학업 성적, 행동특성이 향상되어 청소년기와 성인기까지 성공적인 사회적응을 예측(Chae Ho-Sook, 2008; Lee Hyun-Min, 2005)할 수 있는 반면, 학교에 적응하지 못하는 아동은 낮은 자아존중감 등의 정서적인 문제와 소극적, 공격적 행동 등의 문제행동을 보인다

학교에 적응을 잘 하는 아동은 학교에 대한 감정이나 태도, 동기가 긍정적이고 대인관계, 학업 성적, 행동특성이 향상되어 청소년기와 성인기까지 성공적인 사회적응을 예측(Chae Ho-Sook, 2008; Lee Hyun-Min, 2005)할 수 있는 반면, 학교에 적응하지 못하는 아동은 낮은 자아존중감 등의 정서적인 문제와 소극적, 공격적 행동 등의 문제행동을 보인다(Heck, 1983; Park Jae-San & Moon Jae-Woo, 2006). 그러므로 아동이 학교생활을 하면서 접하게 되는 여러 가지 교육적 환경을 자신의 욕구에 맞게 변화시키거나 자신이 학교생활에 잘 적응하는 데 영향을 미치는 요소를 밝히는 연구는 의미가 있다.

학교
학교란?
아동발달의 여러 측면에 영향을 미치는 대표적인 사회화 기관이다

학교는 아동발달의 여러 측면에 영향을 미치는 대표적인 사회화 기관이다. 특히 과거에 가정이 담당하였던 사회화의 기능이 축소되는 현대사회에서, 사회화의 장으로서의 학교 역할은 더욱 중요한 위치를 차지하게 되었다(Kim Tae-Lyon et al.

모의 양육태도
양육 태도를 살펴봄에 있어 모의 양육태도에 초점을 맞추는 이유를 아동 성장 과정에서 가장 밀접하게 상호작용하는 지원체계를 어머니로 보기 때문인데 이러한 양육 태도는 아동에게 어떤 영향을 미치는가?
Yates, Egeland와 Sroufe(2003)의 미네소타 부모-자녀 프로젝트(The Minnesota Parent-Child Project)에 의하면, 일관되고 지지적인 양육에 의한 인생 초기의 긍정적 적응은 아동의 적응에 강력하고도 지속적인 영향을 미친다고 확인되었다.

양육태도를 살펴봄에 있어서 모의 양육태도에 초점을 맞추는 이유는 아동의 성장과정에서 가장 많은 시간을 보내고, 직접적이고 밀접하게 상호작용하는 지원체계가 어머니이기 때문이다. Yates, Egeland와 Sroufe(2003)의 미네소타 부모-자녀 프로젝트(The Minnesota Parent-Child Project)에 의하면, 일관되고 지지적인 양육에 의한 인생 초기의 긍정적 적응은 아동의 적응에 강력하고도 지속적인 영향을 미친다고 확인되었다.

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  1. 강경숙, 함승연, 노정은 2014. "학습부진학생 대상의 학습습관 지도 요구와 실행 정도 간 차이 분석" 水産海洋敎育硏究 = Journal of fisheries and marine sciences education, 26(4): 877~893 

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