Monascus purpureus 균주에 의해 발효된 당귀분말을 Orotic acid-유발 지방간의 개선 효과를 알아보기 위해 식이에 5% 수준으로 첨가하여 10일간 급여한 후 혈중 및 조직 내 산화 스트레스에 미치는 영향에 대하여 검토하였다. 체중 증가량과, 식이 섭취량은 각 OA실험군 모두 감소 하였으나, 음료섭취량은 증가하였다. 간 기능 지표로 활용되는 혈중 AST, ALT, LDH, ALP 및 Cholinesterase 활성 변화 역시 정상 수치와 비슷한 수준으로 감소되었다. 각 조직과 혈청의 과산화지질(TBARS)을 측정한 결과 OA대조군에 비해 각 실험군에서 유의적으로 감소하였으나, 그 중 발효당귀분말을 투여한 FAG군에서 가장 낮은 함량을 보였다. 또한 미네랄 측정 결과 비헴철과 아연을 정상수치로 되돌려주는 기능이 있었으며, Orotic acid 지방간 유발로 인해 저하된 글루타치온 함량을 높여주는 것을 확인할 수 있었다. 이상의 실험결과 발효당귀는 간 조직 내 항산화 물질 증가에 의한 산화스트레스를 경감시킴으로써 향후 간 독성 개선 효능을 가지는 건강식품 개발 가능성이 높은 소재로 판단되어진다.
This study was to investigate the potential effects of fermented Angelica gigas Nakai (FAG) at 5% (w/w) levels in Sprague-Dawley strain rats, which were intoxicated with 1% (w/w) orotic acid (OA) for 10 days. The activities of several hepatic enzymes, including aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and cholinesterase were increased when OA was treated, but these parameters were significantly decreased by FAG administration. OA treatment induced a significant increase in the thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) levels, which was attenuated by FAG administration. Liver nonheme ion was decreased in the OA treatment group and was significantly increased in FAG administration, which suggests that lipid peroxidation contents are inversely correlated with liver nonheme ion content. The glutathione concentration was significantly decreased in the OA treatment group compared with the normal group, but this concentration was significantly increased in the FAG group, and it showed the antioxidant ability of glutathione. Based on these results, fermented Angelica gigas Nakai is a material with significant potential for development into a health food that can improve fatty liver conditions.
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