서구화된 식습관의 변화와 편리한 생활에 따른 운동 부족, 유전적 요인, 심리적 요인 등이 복잡하게 얽히면서 비만이 꾸준히 증가하는 추세이다. 한편, 감귤류에는 carotenoid, coumarin, phenylpropanoid, limonoid 등 60여종의 생리활성 물질이 함유되어 있으며 감귤박에는 bioflavonoid, carotenoid, hesperidin, terpenes 등이 풍부하게 함유되어 있다. 감귤박은 항산화 효과, 고혈압 예방, 혈중 LDL 콜레스테롤 함량 감소 효과 등이 있음이 보고되어 있고 최근 들어 감귤박의 비만을 억제하는 효능이 밝혀져 항비만 효과가 입증되었다. 본 연구에서는 고지방식으로 유도한 비만모델 ICR 생쥐에서 Aspergillus oryzae로 발효한 감귤박의 증강된 항비만 효과를 확인하고자 하였다. 항비만 효과를 확인하기 위해 생쥐의 체중변화와 조직의 무게변화를 관찰하였고, 그룹별 혈청 지질 농도, 간 지질농도 및 동맥경화지수를 관찰하였다. 그 결과, 고지방식이 투여군(HFD)에 비해 감귤박 추출물 투여군(CP)과 감귤박 발효 추출물 투여군(CPA)은 체중 증가량과 증체율이 감소하였고, 혈청과 간의 total cholesterol (TG), triglyceride (TC) 함량이 현저히 감소하였다. 한편, 유익한 cholesterol로 알려진 high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) 함량은 일반식이 투여군(NFD)과 CPA 투여군이 비슷하였다. CP 투여군과 CPA 투여군의 조직 무게에서도 HFD 투여군보다 감소하여, 전체적으로 CPA 투여군에서 특히 유의적으로 감소하였다.
There is a rising trend in obesity due to various factors, including changes in eating habits, lack of exercise, and genetic and psychological factors. Citrus peel has been reported to prevent obesity via antioxidative, antihypertensive, and LDL cholesterol-lowering effects. This study investigated the effects of citrus peel extract fermented with or without Aspergillus oryzae in a mouse model of diet-induced obesity. The animals were divided into four groups: a high-fat diet group (HFD), a normal fat diet (NFD) group, a citrus peel extract (CP) group, and a citrus peel extract fermented with A. oryzae (CPA) group. The citrus peel extract improved lipid metabolism and weight loss in the high-fat diet-induced obese mouse model. As expected, the body weight was higher in the HFD group compared with the NFD, CP, and CPA groups. However, the concentrations of total cholesterol (TG) and triglyceride (TC) in the serum and liver of the CP and CPA groups were lower than in the HFD group. There were no significant differences in the HDL cholesterol concentration among the groups. Taken together, our results suggest that extract of citrus peel biotransformed with A. oryzae had more antiobesity activity than citrus peel not transformed by A. oryzae through the fermentation of metabolites.
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