Objectives: The purpose of this article was to investigate the current practice of diabetes education along with the specific interventions, process, and outcomes in community health centers in Korea. Methods: Data were collected by a mail questionnaire from September 20, 2012 to December 20, 2012. Among 253, a total of 161 responded, constituting a 63.3% return rate. Results: Primary staff of diabetes education was the nurse and respondents recognized their role largely as a director. More than half of respondents provided education to people with type 2 diabetes by group. Most common service offered was nutrition therapy and the majority of respondents used printed materials. Among 4 criteria of outcomes, eating (nutrition), knowledge scores, blood pressure, and patients' survey on satisfaction were collected most frequently. Nearly three quarters of respondents were not participated in activities for quality improvement and outcomes were not reported properly. Conclusions: The results are able to draw ideas for organizing diabetes education programs and evaluating outcomes in community heath centers. This article has significance that it is the first comprehensive survey of diabetes education practice in community health centers and provides a baseline for establishing national standards of diabetes self-management education.
American Diabetes Association. (2012). Executive summary: standards of medical care in diabetes 2012. Diabetes Care, 35, Suppl. 1, S11-63.
Anderson, D. R., Cristison, L. J., & Procter, G. E. (2010). Self-management goal setting in a community health center: The impact of goal attainment on diabetes outcomes. Diabetes Spectrum, 23(2), 97-105.
Boren, S. A., Fitzner, K. A., Panhalkar, P. S., & Specker, J. E. (2009). Costs and benefits associated with diabetes education : A review of the literature. The Diabetes Educator, 35(1), 72-96.
Fillman, D. S. (2010). A new focus for diabetes educators in prediabetes. The Diabetes Educator, 36(5), 684-686.
Gu, M. J. (2012). Practice on diabetes nursing education program. The Journal of Korean Diabetes, 13, Suppl. 5, 34-36.
Haas, L., Maryniuk, M., Beck. J., Cox, C. E., Duker, P., Edwards, L., Fisher, E. B., Hanson, L., Sklaroff, S., Tomky, D., & Yousser, G. (2013). National standards for diabetes self-management education and support. Diabetes Care, 36, Suppl. 1, S100-S108.
Jung, J. H. (2012). Developing strategies for diabetes education program. The Journal of Korean Diabetes, 13, 95-98.
Kang, J. G., Kim, S. G., Hwang, Y. C., Woo, J. T., Nam, H. W., & Committee of Education, Korean Diabetes Association (2012). Diabetes Educator Training Module (DETM). The Journal of Korean Diabetes, 13, 162-166.
Kim, D. J. (2012). Summary of the american diabetes association standards of medical care in Diabetes 2012. The Journal of Korean Diabetes, 13, 7-14.
Kim, N. S. (2013). Knowledge translation for evidence based health care and quality improvement. Health Welfare Forum, 202, 18-24.
Korea Diabetes Association. (2012). A report the Korean diabetes study.
Korea Diabetes Association. (2013, September 1). Regulations on accreditation of diabetes educator. Retrieved from http://www.diabetes.or.kr/general/intro/sub05.php
Korea Diabetes Association. (2014, January 20). Standards of medical care in Diabetes 2013. Retrieved from http//www.diabetes.or.kr/pro/publish/guide_2013
Lee, E. O., Lim, N, Y., Park, H, A., Lee, I, S., Kim, J. L., B, J. I., & Lee, S. M. (2009). Nursing Research and Statistics. Seoul : Soomoonsa Publishing.
Lee, J. H., Jeon, H. J. Kim, K. A., Nam, H. W., Woo, J. T., Ahn, K. J., & Committee of Education, Korea Diabetes Association. (2012). Survey on diabetes education recognition Program. The Journal of Korean Diabetes, 13, 219-223.
Martin, A. L., Lumber, T., Compton, T., Ernst, K., Haas, L., Regan-Klich, J. Letassy, N., McKnight, K. A., Nelson, J. B., Seley, J. J., Toth, J. A., & Mensing, C. (2008). Insights and trends in diabetes education : Result of the 2008 AADE national diabetes education practice survey. The Diabetes Educator, 34(6), 970-986.
Martin, A. L. (2012). Changes and consistencies in diabetes education over 5 years : Results of the 2010 national diabetes education practice survey. The Diabetes Educator, 38(1), 35-46.
Martin, A. L., Warren, J. P., & Lipman, R. D. (2013). The Landscape for diabetes education : Result of the 2012 AADE national diabetes education practice survey. The Diabetes Educator, 39(5), 614-622.
Ministry of Health & Welfare (2010). The 5th Plan for Community Health Care. Retrieved September, 1, 2013, from http://www.mw.go.kr/front_new/sch/
Ministry of Health & Welfare (2012). Health promotion : Understanding policy. Retrieved January, 29, 2014, from http://www.mw.go.kr/front_new/jc/
Ministry of Health & Welfare, & Korea Health Promotion Foundation. (2013). Guide for 2014 Integrated Health Promotion Programs in Health Center. Unpublished data.
Mulcahy, K., Maryniuk, M., Peeples, M., Peyrot, M., Tomky, D., Weaver, T., & Yarborough, P. (2003). Technical Review : Diabetes self-management education core outcomes measures. The Diabetes Educator, 29(5), 768-803.
Park, S, W. (2008). Management of Diabetes : Diabetes education is essential. Retrieved August, 6, 2012, from http://whosaeng.com/newnews
Seo, N. G., Ann, S. J., Hwang, Y. H., Jung, Y. H., & Ko, S. J. (2012). A report on the Korea health panel survey of the 2010. Seoul : Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs.
Sim, K. H. (2011). Tips for Creating Effective Health Education Materials. The Journal of Korean Diabetes, 12, 99-103.
Wang, M. J., Jo, S. J., Jo, Y. H., Park, I. H., Go, J. E., Choi, H, J., Ann, O. H., Kim, H. G., & Kim, M. H. (2011). Community Health Nursing (5th). Seoul : Hyunmoonsa Publishing.
World Health Organization (2014, February 11) 1998 Press Releases : Diabetes and human right. Retrieved February 11, 2014, from http://www.who.int/inf-pr-1998/en/