본 연구는 취학 전 유아를 대상으로 남녀 유아의 수줍음 특성과 또래괴롭힘 피해 간 관계에서 교사-유아 관계의 중재적 역할이 어떠한지를 알아보고자 하였다. 이를 위하여 B광역시에 소재한 5개 유아교육기관의 유치반 9곳에 재원 중인 유아 200명(남아 97명, 여아 101명; 평균연령 6.24세)와 그들의 담임교사를 대상으로 하였다. 유아의 수줍음, 교사-유아 관계, 또래괴롭힘 피해를 알아보기 위해 교사용 질문지를 사용하였고, 자료분석을 위해 t검증, 적률상관분석 및 위계적 중회귀분석을 남녀별로 실시하였다. 연구결과, 남녀 유아의 수줍음 특성, 교사-유아 관계는 또래괴롭힘 피해와 유의한 관련성을 보였다. 또한 위계적 회귀분석 결과 남아의 경우 수줍음 특성과 교사-유아 관계 간 상호작용 효과가 유의하게 나타나, 남아의 수줍음 특성은 또래괴롭힘 피해와 관련되지만 교사-유아 간 친밀관계 수준이 낮고, 교사-유아 간 갈등관계 수준이 높은 경우에만 유의하였다. 즉, 남아의 수줍음 특성이 또래괴롭힘 피해와 관련되는데 있어, 교사-남아 간 친밀관계는 보호요인으로, 교사-남아 간 갈등관계는 위험요인으로써 중재적 역할을 하였다. 이는 성에 따라 다소 차이는 있지만 수줍음 특성이 있는 유아의 또래괴롭힘 피해 경험을 예방하는데 있어 교사역할의 중요성을 시사해 주었다.
This study examined the moderating role of teacher-child relationship on the relation between children's shyness and peer victimization. Participants were 200 children(97 boys, 103 girls; recruited from classes with 5-6 year olds) and their kindergarten teachers. The teachers completed rating scales to measure the children's peer victimization, shyness and teacher-child relationship. The collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-tests, correlations, and hierarchical multiple regressions. Boys and girls were analyzed separately. Results showed that children's shyness had a positive relation to their peer victimization. Teacher-child relationship significantly related to children's peer victimization. Hierarchical regression analysis indicated that the interaction of boys' shyness and teacher-child closeness predicted boys' peer victimization. Boys' shyness, whose teachers demonstrated the lowest level of teacher-child closeness, was significantly associated with their peer victimization. Boys' shyness had a significant relation to their peer victimization, especially for the highest level of teacher-child conflictual relationship. Results are discussed in terms of the role of teachers to shy boys' peer victimization.
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