Several distinct pathologic entities are encompassed in benign vocal fold lesions, including intracordal cysts, vascular ectasia, as well as vocal fold nodules and vocal fold polyps. Treatment options for theses lesions include both medical/conservative and surgical techniques. First approaches should be focus on correcting the underlying causative factors, largely through voice therapy and education. There are several laryngomicrosurgery techniques for removal of benign lesions. Much debate continues regarding the relative merits of cold instruments versus carbon dioxide laser removal of benign vocal fold lesions. Both techniques have the merits and the demerits each other. Therefore the surgeon should well comprehend the merits of each techniques and choose the proper procedure for patient's lesions.
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